Infrastructure and General Purpose Technologies: A Technology Flow Framework
Economic growth models often refer to “general purpose technology” (GPT) and “infrastructure” as key to improving productivity. Some GPTs, like railroads and the Internet, fit common notions of infrastructure, while other likes the steam engine and the computer do not. Without a specific model of the special characteristics of infrastructures, important technology policy questions relating to openness are not addressed. Infrastructure is similar to other GPTs in its demand-side characteristics that enable a wide variety of productive activities (or uses) and generate substantial spillovers to the rest of the economy. On the supply side, infrastructure is quite different from the other GPTs. It is partially nonrival as opposed to fully nonrival, which may complicate appropriation problems and raise congestion issues. It has strong cost-side economies of scale giving less scope for using markets to provide and control it. And it exhibits tethering, meaning that different users must be physically or virtually connected for the infrastructure to function. We present a technology flow framework that clarifies these issues and provides a base for policy analysis and for defining empirical research questions.
|Date of creation:||Jan 2017|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: PAC 123, 238 Church Street, Middletown, CT 06459-0007|
Web page: http://www.wesleyan.edu/econ/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Trajtenberg, M. & Bresnahan, T.F., 1992.
"General Purpose Technologies: "Engines of Growth","
16-92, Tel Aviv.
- David, Paul A, 1990. "The Dynamo and the Computer: An Historical Perspective on the Modern Productivity Paradox," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 355-361, May.
- Bauer, Johannes M., 2014. "Platforms, systems competition, and innovation: Reassessing the foundations of communications policy," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 662-673.
- S. J. Liebowitz & Stephen E. Margolis, 1994. "Network Externality: An Uncommon Tragedy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(2), pages 133-150, Spring.
- Murphy, Kevin M. & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W., 1989.
"Industrialization and the Big Push,"
3606235, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- David, Paul & Aghion, Philippe, 2008.
"Science, Technology and Innovation for Economic Growth: Linking Policy Research and Practice in "STIG Systems","
12096, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Aghion, Philippe & David, Paul A. & Foray, Dominique, 2009. "Science, technology and innovation for economic growth: Linking policy research and practice in 'STIG Systems'," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 681-693, May.
- Liao, Hailin & Wang, Bin & Li, Baibing & Weyman-Jones, Tom, 2016. "ICT as a general-purpose technology: The productivity of ICT in the United States revisited," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 10-25.
- Brett M. Frischmann & Christiaan Hogendorn, 2015. "Retrospectives: The Marginal Cost Controversy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 29(1), pages 193-206, Winter.
- Schuett, Florian, 2012.
"Field-of-use restrictions in licensing agreements,"
International Journal of Industrial Organization,
Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 403-416.
- S. K. Majumdar & O. Carare & H. Chang, 2010. "Broadband adoption and firm productivity: evaluating the benefits of general purpose technology," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(3), pages 641-674, June.
- Lipsey, Richard G. & Carlaw, Kenneth I. & Bekar, Clifford T., 2005. "Economic Transformations: General Purpose Technologies and Long-Term Economic Growth," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199290895.
- Hogendorn Christiaan, 2005. "Regulating Vertical Integration in Broadband: Open Access versus Common Carriage," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 4(1), pages 1-14, March.
- Maryann P. Feldman & Ji Woong Yoon, 2012. "An empirical test for general purpose technology: an examination of the Cohen--Boyer rDNA technology," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(2), pages 249-275, April.
- Venturini, Francesco, 2015. "The modern drivers of productivity," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 357-369.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wes:weswpa:2017-001. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Manolis Kaparakis)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.