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Fiscal rules and the pro-cyclicality of public investment in the West African economic and monetary union


  • Dessus, Sebastien
  • Diaz Sanchez, Jose Luis
  • Varoudakis, Aristomene


Evidence from a large panel of low-income and lower middle-income countries over the period 1995-2012 suggests that, contrary to other countries, public investment in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) has been pro-cyclical. Public investment contracts more in"bad times"than it increases in"good times"and appears to have become pro-cyclical since the introduction of the fiscal convergence criteria in 1994. The pro-cyclicality of public expenditure and the high asymmetry of shocks that affect WAEMU countries justify exploring options for greater counter-cyclicality of rules-based fiscal frameworks and for risk-sharing.

Suggested Citation

  • Dessus, Sebastien & Diaz Sanchez, Jose Luis & Varoudakis, Aristomene, 2013. "Fiscal rules and the pro-cyclicality of public investment in the West African economic and monetary union," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6562, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6562

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Juan Carlos Berganza, 2011. "Fiscal rules in Latin America: a survey," Occasional Papers 1108, Banco de España;Occasional Papers Homepage.
    2. Devarajan, Shantayanan, 1997. "Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in the CFA Zone," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 6(1), pages 35-53, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guerguil, Martine & Mandon, Pierre & Tapsoba, René, 2017. "Flexible fiscal rules and countercyclical fiscal policy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 189-220.
    2. Combes, Jean-Louis & Minea, Alexandru & Sow, Moussé, 2017. "Is fiscal policy always counter- (pro-) cyclical? The role of public debt and fiscal rules," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 138-146.

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    Public Sector Expenditure Policy; Debt Markets; Economic Stabilization; Fiscal Adjustment; Access to Finance;

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