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Scaling up community-driven development : theoretical underpinnings and program design implications


  • Binswanger, Hans P.*Aiyar, Swaminathan


Community-driven development boasts many islands of success, but these have not scaled up to cover entire countries. Binswanger and Aiyar examine the possible obstacles to scaling up, and possible solutions. They consider the theoretical case for community-driven development and case studies of success in both sectoral and multisectoral programs. Obstacles to scaling up include high economic and fiscal costs, adverse institutional barriers, problems associated with the co-production of outputs by different actors on the basis of subsidiarity, lack of adaptation to the local context using field-tested manuals, and lack of scaling-up logistics. The authors consider ways of reducing economic and fiscal costs, overcoming hostile institutional barriers, overcoming problems of co-production, adapting to the local context with field testing, and providing scaling-up logistics. Detailed annexes and checklists provide a guide to program design, diagnostics, and tools.

Suggested Citation

  • Binswanger, Hans P.*Aiyar, Swaminathan, 2003. "Scaling up community-driven development : theoretical underpinnings and program design implications," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3039, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3039

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    1. van Zyl, Johan & Barbosa, Tulio & Parker, Andrew N. & Sonn, Loretta, 1995. "Decentralized rural development and enhanced community participation : a case study from Northeast Brazil," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1498, The World Bank.
    2. Deepa Narayan, 2002. "Empowerment and Poverty Reduction : A Sourcebook," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15239.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ruben, Ruerd & Pender, John, 2004. "Rural diversity and heterogeneity in less-favoured areas: the quest for policy targeting," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 303-320, August.
    2. World Bank, 2004. "Afghanistan - State Building, Sustaining Growth, and Reducing Poverty : A Country Economic Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14360, The World Bank.
    3. Barbara Pozzoni & Nalini Kumar, 2005. "A Review of the Literature on Participatory Approaches to Local Development for an Evaluation of the Effectiveness of World Bank Support for Community-Based and Driven Development Approaches," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 20203.
    4. Nkonya, Ephraim & Phillip, Dayo & Mogues, Tewodaj & Pender, John & Yahaya, Muhammed Kuta & Adebowale, Gbenga & Arokoyo, Tunji & Kato, Edward, 2008. "From the ground up: Impacts of a pro-poor community-driven development project in Nigeria," IFPRI discussion papers 756, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. repec:bla:ijhplm:v:31:y:2016:i:4:p:e273-e289 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Kalanidhi Subbarao & Diane Coury, 2004. "Reaching Out to Africa's Orphans : A Framework for Public Action," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14909.
    7. Deininger, Klaus W. & Galab, Shaik & Olsen, Tore, 2005. "Empowering Poor Rural Women In India: Empirical Evidence From Andhra Pradesh," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19123, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    8. repec:eee:wdevel:v:98:y:2017:i:c:p:214-230 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Piero Conforti & Ugo Pica-Ciamarra, 2007. "Scaling-up community-driven development. Evidence from the Philippines," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(9), pages 631-636.
    10. World Bank Group, 2014. "Strategic Framework for Mainstreaming Citizen Engagement in World Bank Group Operations," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 21113.
    11. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:3:p:835-:d:136554 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. World Bank, 2005. "Afghanistan : State Building, Sustaining Growth, and Reducing Poverty," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7318.

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    Community Development and Empowerment; Banks&Banking Reform; Health Economics&Finance; National Governance; Environmental Economics&Policies; Decentralization; ICT Policy and Strategies;

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