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Transparency, liberalization, and banking crisis

Author

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  • Mehrez, Gil
  • Kaufmann, Daniel

Abstract

The authors investigate how transparency affects the probability of a financial crisis. They construct a model in which banks cannot distinguish between aggregate shocks and government policy, on the one hand, and firm'quality, on the other. Banks may therefore overestimate firms'returns and increase credit above the level that would be optimal given the firms'returns. Once banks discover their large exposure, they are likely to roll over loans rather than declare their losses. This delays the crisis but increases its magnitude. The empirical evidence, based on data for 56 countries in 1977-97, supports this theoretical model. The authors find that lack of transparency increases the probability of a crisis following financial liberalization. This implies that countries should focus on increasing transparency of economic activity and government policy, as well as increasing transparency n the financial sector, particularly during a period of transition such as financial liberalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Mehrez, Gil & Kaufmann, Daniel, 2000. "Transparency, liberalization, and banking crisis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2286, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2286
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:finsta:v:30:y:2017:i:c:p:67-78 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Qin, Xiao & Luo, Chengying, 2014. "Capital account openness and early warning system for banking crises in G20 countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 190-194.
    3. Wyplosz, Charles, 2001. "How Risky is Financial Liberalization in the Developing Countries?," CEPR Discussion Papers 2724, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Brůha, Jan & Kočenda, Evžen, 2018. "Financial stability in Europe: Banking and sovereign risk," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 305-321.
    5. Hamdi, Helmi & Jlassi, Nabila Boukef, 2014. "Financial liberalization, disaggregated capital flows and banking crisis: Evidence from developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 124-132.
    6. Jonathan David Ostry & Jeronimo Zettelmeyer, 2005. "Strengthening IMF Crisis Prevention," IMF Working Papers 05/206, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Ben Rejeb, Aymen & Boughrara, Adel, 2013. "Financial liberalization and stock markets efficiency: New evidence from emerging economies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 186-208.

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