Deciphering The Hindu Growth Epic
India’s investment rate has increased fourfold since 1950 and is now nearly 40% of GDP. Many studies have suggested that this rising investment rate is the most significant component of India’s growth acceleration. I assess these hypotheses using the neoclassical growth model decomposition method. Unlike other methods based on this model, such as Hall and Jones (QJE 1999), the method used in this paper does not rely on the assumption of steady state. I find that the rise in investment rates since the 1970s explains only 30% of India’s growth over that period. I conclude that, notwithstanding the high investment rates, the main source of India’s growth acceleration is the modest upward trend in productivity growth since the 1970s.
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