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Globalization and Health: Impact Pathways and Recent Evidence

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  • Cornia, Giovanni Andrea
  • Rosignoli, Stefano
  • Tiberti, Luca

Abstract

The last two decades of the twentieth century recorded a slowdown in health gains and widespread increases in health inequality across and within countries. The paper explores the causes of such trends on the basis of five main mortality models. To do so, it regresses IMR/LEB on 15 determinants of health. The results underscore the negative health effects of the trends observed between 1980-2000, such as rising inequality, greater income volatility, declining health expenditure, increasing migration and so on. Finally, the paper simulates the level of LEB that would have been achieved in ten regions of the world if the determinants of health had continued developing over these decades as they did over 1960-80. The results indicate that in seven of such regions (including China and India) LEB would have been higher than actually observed. In this regard, the paper raises doubts about the way globalization has taken place and the way public policy oriented it.

Suggested Citation

  • Cornia, Giovanni Andrea & Rosignoli, Stefano & Tiberti, Luca, 2008. "Globalization and Health: Impact Pathways and Recent Evidence," WIDER Working Paper Series 074, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp2008-74
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Olper, Alessandro & Curzi, Daniele & Swinnen, Jo, 2015. "Trade Liberalization and Child Mortality: A Synthetic Control Method," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 212597, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Baum, Fran & Freeman, Toby & Sanders, David & Labonté, Ronald & Lawless, Angela & Javanparast, Sara, 2016. "Comprehensive primary health care under neo-liberalism in Australia," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 43-52.
    3. Herzer, Dierk, 2014. "The long-run relationship between trade and population health: evidence from five decades," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100441, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    4. repec:bla:worlde:v:40:y:2017:i:2:p:462-487 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Schrecker, Ted, 2007. "Intra-metropolitan health disparities in Canada: Studying how and why globalization matters, and what to do about it," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt3z7544g1, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
    6. repec:bla:ijhplm:v:31:y:2016:i:4:p:537-553 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Lodha, S K & Crow, Ben D & Gunawardane, Prabath & Middleton, Erin A. & Feng, Jack & Agredano, Hector & Fulfrost, Brian, 2008. "Visualizing Health Determinants in a Global Context," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt33r032jf, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
    8. repec:bla:ijhplm:v:31:y:2016:i:4:p:511-536 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    health status; health inequalities; globalization;

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