IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/unp/wpaper/201604.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Pro-social Behavior of Bandung Schoolchildren:The Effects of Competition and Socioeconomic Status

Author

Listed:
  • Yuki Sakura Kristi

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Mohamad Fahmi

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Martin Daniel Siyaranamual

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

Abstract

Through some decades, experimental studies present fascinating findings which challenge economic theories. Samuelson rule predicted that people may contribute too few resources to public goods provision (free-rider problem), but facts presented that actually people could contribute much more because of certain factors. One suggested factor is pro-social behavior. Using tobit regression, this present research examines whether pro-social behavior is a naturally human's innate behavior or a nurtured behavior, specifically whether competitive environment and different socioeconomic status/SES influence pro-social behavior. The data are obtained from dictator game and post-experiment questionnaire about children's SES. By observing children, our research may shed light on the nature of pro-social behavior. The results of control treatment strengthen the notion that people are not always selfishly rational, but we found that children’s donation is doubled in competitive treatment which assures that pro-social behavior is a nurtured behavior. Further, school’s SES also significantly influences pro-social behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Yuki Sakura Kristi & Mohamad Fahmi & Martin Daniel Siyaranamual, 2016. "Pro-social Behavior of Bandung Schoolchildren:The Effects of Competition and Socioeconomic Status," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 201604, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Dec 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:unp:wpaper:201604
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ceds.feb.unpad.ac.id/wopeds/201604.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2016
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Luca Corazzini & Marco Faravelli & Luca Stanca, 2010. "A Prize To Give For: An Experiment on Public Good Funding Mechanisms," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(547), pages 944-967, September.
    2. Stephan Meier, 2006. "A survey of economic theories and field evidence on pro-social behavior," Working Papers 06-6, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    3. Harbaugh, William T, 1998. "The Prestige Motive for Making Charitable Transfers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 277-282, May.
    4. Ledyard, John O., "undated". "Public Goods: A Survey of Experimental Research," Working Papers 861, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
    5. Henrik Orzen, 2005. "Fundraising through Competition: Evidence from the Lab," Discussion Papers 2005-04, The Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham.
    6. Ananish Chaudhuri, 2011. "Sustaining cooperation in laboratory public goods experiments: a selective survey of the literature," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 14(1), pages 47-83, March.
    7. Uri Gneezy & Aldo Rustichini, 2004. "Gender and Competition at a Young Age," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 377-381, May.
    8. Duffy, John & Kornienko, Tatiana, 2010. "Does competition affect giving?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 74(1-2), pages 82-103, May.
    9. Glazer, Amihai & Konrad, Kai A, 1996. "A Signaling Explanation for Charity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(4), pages 1019-1028, September.
    10. Falk, Armin & Fehr, Ernst, 2003. "Why labour market experiments?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 399-406, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    pro-social behavior; dictator game; children; competition; socioeconomic status; Indonesia;

    JEL classification:

    • D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy; Intergenerational Transfers
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:unp:wpaper:201604. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Arief Anshory Yusuf). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/lppadid.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.