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Pro-social Behavior of Bandung Schoolchildren:The Effects of Competition and Socioeconomic Status

Listed author(s):
  • Yuki Sakura Kristi

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Mohamad Fahmi

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Martin Daniel Siyaranamual

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

Through some decades, experimental studies present fascinating findings which challenge economic theories. Samuelson rule predicted that people may contribute too few resources to public goods provision (free-rider problem), but facts presented that actually people could contribute much more because of certain factors. One suggested factor is pro-social behavior. Using tobit regression, this present research examines whether pro-social behavior is a naturally human's innate behavior or a nurtured behavior, specifically whether competitive environment and different socioeconomic status/SES influence pro-social behavior. The data are obtained from dictator game and post-experiment questionnaire about children's SES. By observing children, our research may shed light on the nature of pro-social behavior. The results of control treatment strengthen the notion that people are not always selfishly rational, but we found that children’s donation is doubled in competitive treatment which assures that pro-social behavior is a nurtured behavior. Further, school’s SES also significantly influences pro-social behavior.

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File URL: http://ceds.feb.unpad.ac.id/wopeds/201604.pdf
File Function: First version, 2016
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Paper provided by Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University in its series Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) with number 201604.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2016
Date of revision: Dec 2016
Handle: RePEc:unp:wpaper:201604
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Web page: http://ceds.fe.unpad.ac.id
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  1. Henrik Orzen, 2005. "Fundraising through Competition: Evidence from the Lab," Discussion Papers 2005-04, The Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham.
  2. Luca Corazzini & Marco Faravelli & Luca Stanca, 2010. "A Prize To Give For: An Experiment on Public Good Funding Mechanisms," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(547), pages 944-967, 09.
  3. Ledyard, John O., "undated". "Public Goods: A Survey of Experimental Research," Working Papers 861, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  4. Stephan Meier, 2006. "A survey of economic theories and field evidence on pro-social behavior," Working Papers 06-6, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
  5. Harbaugh, William T, 1998. "The Prestige Motive for Making Charitable Transfers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 277-282, May.
  6. Ananish Chaudhuri, 2011. "Sustaining cooperation in laboratory public goods experiments: a selective survey of the literature," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 14(1), pages 47-83, March.
  7. Uri Gneezy & Aldo Rustichini, 2004. "Gender and Competition at a Young Age," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 377-381, May.
  8. Duffy, John & Kornienko, Tatiana, 2010. "Does competition affect giving?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 74(1-2), pages 82-103, May.
  9. Glazer, Amihai & Konrad, Kai A, 1996. "A Signaling Explanation for Charity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(4), pages 1019-1028, September.
  10. Falk, Armin & Fehr, Ernst, 2003. "Why labour market experiments?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 399-406, August.
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