Constructing the Model of Environmental Migration
To address the surprising lack of research in the area of environmental migration, this paper reviews the existing literature and proposes two basic, two region, and general equilibrium models: a closed economy and a small open economy where migration occurs between regions. The models show that migration increases welfare in the rural region, characterized by a tragedy of the commons production function, but does not affect welfare in the region with a constant returns to scale production function. The paper also provides an economic definition of an environmental refugee in the respect of an environmental migrant.
|Date of creation:||Mar 2009|
|Date of revision:||Mar 2009|
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- Timothy J. Hatton & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2002.
"What Fundamentals Drive World Migration?,"
NBER Working Papers
9159, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Hatton, Timothy J. & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 2003. "What Fundamentals Drive World Migration?," WIDER Working Paper Series 023, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
- Timothy Hatton & Jeffery Williamson, 2002. "What Fundamentals Drive World Migration?," CEPR Discussion Papers 458, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
- Hatton, Timothy J. & Williamson, Jeffrey G, 2002. "What Fundamentals Drive World Migration?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3559, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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- Haavio, M., 2001. "Transboundary Pollution and Household Mobility: Are They Equivalent?," University of Helsinki, Department of Economics 500, Department of Economics.
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