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Climate and Development


  • Anil Markandya
    (Basque Centre For Climate Change, Spain)

  • Dirk Rübbelke
    (Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Germany)


The 2015 Paris Accord stated the aim to limit the increase in global mean temperatures to 2ºC compared to pre-industrial levels and if possible, keep it down to 1.5ºC. Achieving this is possible, but the costs incurred are uncertain and the distribution of costs among nations is indistinct. Furthermore, even if the goal is realised, significant impacts from climate change can be expected. Evidence indicates that these will be felt most severely in countries that are relatively poor. These effects of climate change will be added to by the measures taken to reduce GHGs. Together, they will determine how climate change affects the prospects for development across the globe. The analysis of the interplay between climate change and policies to combat it on the one hand and development on the other are the focus of this book.

Individual chapters are listed in the "Chapters" tab

Suggested Citation

  • Anil Markandya & Dirk Rübbelke (ed.), 2021. "Climate and Development," World Scientific Books, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., number 12376, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsi:wsbook:12376

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    Book Chapters

    The following chapters of this book are listed in IDEAS

    More about this item


    Climate Change; Global Warming; Sustainable Development; Development; Economic Growth; Adaptation; Paris Agreement; Social Conflict; Extreme Events; Integrated Assessment Model; Climate-Economic Liveability; Sustainable Development Goals; Social Welfare Functions; Intergenerational Transfers; Water Scarcity; Natural Resources; Migration; Climate-Migration Relationship; MENA Region; Renewable Energy; ICT; Energy Efficiency; Carbon Dioxide Removal; Net Negative Emissions; Co-Benefits; Afforestation; Reforestation; Mangroves; Developing Countries; Blue Carbon Projects; Ecosystems; Blockchain Technology; Illegal Logging; Mining Industries; Power Plants; Environmental Economics; Resource Economics; Climate Change Economics; Climate Policy; Mitigation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics


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