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Disruptions in large value payment systems: An experimental approach

  • Klaus Abbink

    (School of Economics and CBESS, Universiy of East Anglia)

  • Ronald Bosman

    (De Nederlandsche Bank, Financial Stability Division)

  • Ronald Heijmans

    (De Nederlandsche Bank, Cash and Payment Systems Division)

  • Frans van Winden

    (Tinbergen Institute and University of Amsterdam, CREED, Faculty of Economics and Business)

This experimental study investigates the behaviour of banks in a large value payment system. More specifically, we look at 1) the reactions of banks to disruptions in the payment system, 2) the way in which the history of disruptions affects the behaviour of banks (path dependency) and 3) the effect of more concentration in the payment system (heterogeneous market versus a homogeneous market). The game used in this experiment is a stylized version of a model of Bech and Garrett (2006) in which each bank can choose between paying in the morning (efficient) or in the afternoon (inefficient). The results show that there is significant path dependency in terms of disruption history. Also the level of disruption influences the behaviour of the participants. Once the system has moved to the inefficient equilibrium, it does not easily move back to the efficient equilibrium. Furthermore, there is a clear leadership effect in the heterogeneous market.

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Paper provided by School of Economics, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK. in its series Working Paper series, University of East Anglia, Centre for Behavioural and Experimental Social Science (CBESS) with number 10-11.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2010
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Handle: RePEc:uea:wcbess:10-11
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Order Information: Postal: Helen Chapman, School of Economics, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
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  1. Mehta, Judith & Starmer, Chris & Sugden, Robert, 1994. "The Nature of Salience: An Experimental Investigation of Pure Coordination Games," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 658-73, June.
  2. Abbink, Klaus & Brandts, Jordi, 2008. "24. Pricing in Bertrand competition with increasing marginal costs," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 1-31, May.
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  8. Fernando Vega Redondo, 1996. "The evolution of walrasian behavior," Working Papers. Serie AD 1996-05, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  9. Giovanna Devetag & Andreas Ortmann, 2006. "When and Why? A Critical Survey on Coordination Failure in the Laboratory," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp302, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague.
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