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Job flows in chile

  • Oscar Landerretche
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    This paper is devoted to the construction of the panel and econometric use of the first labor panel database to study workplace creation and destruction in Chile. For local interest, the main feature of the paper is that it is the first time that representative and consistent series of creation and destruction are made available for the Chilean economy. For general interest, the main feature of the paper is the estimation of the economic relevance of workplace fragility in different sizes of firms. Once we control for sector and date dummies as well as for the characteristics of workers it seems clear that small firms are much more likely to destroy jobs and less likely to create them. The steady state of jobs in smaller firms, it seems, is generated by the mechanics of firm creation in the economy: new firms have to start small. But, controlling for that, the jobs and workplaces in these firms are more fragile. We also take advantage on a question on job destruction of the survey to show that small firms are more likely to go bankrupt and we show how this differential effect significantly increased after the Asian Crisis. We characterize the geographic and sector identity of the most fragile workplaces. We find them to be in the construction, commerce and services sectors and hence mainly in highly urbanized regions of the country. This emphasizes the importance (maybe even beyond the Chilean experience) of looking at fragility in sector representative databases.

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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/4da5fdc3-04a7-4d8b-84f5-ff685dfc4f60.pdf
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    Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp240.

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    Date of creation: May 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp240
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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    8. Acemoglu, Daron & Newman, Andrew, 1997. "The Labour Market and Corporate Structure," CEPR Discussion Papers 1708, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Ben S. Bernanke & Mark Gertler, 1995. "Inside the Black Box: The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 27-48, Fall.
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    12. Robert E. Hall, 2005. "Employment Efficiency and Sticky Wages: Evidence from Flows in the Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 11183, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    15. Paulson, Anna L. & Townsend, Robert, 2004. "Entrepreneurship and financial constraints in Thailand," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 229-262, March.
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    17. Edwards, Sebastian & Edwards, Alejandra Cox, 1991. "Monetarism and Liberalization," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226184890, November.
    18. Adam B. Ashcraft & Murillo Campello, 2002. "Borrowers' financial constraints and the transmission of monetary policy: evidence from financial conglomerates," Staff Reports 153, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    19. Kashyap, Anil K & Stein, Jeremy C & Wilcox, David W, 1996. "Monetary Policy and Credit Conditions: Evidence from the Composition of External Finance: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(1), pages 310-14, March.
    20. Gelos, R. Gaston & Werner, Alejandro M., 2002. "Financial liberalization, credit constraints, and collateral: investment in the Mexican manufacturing sector," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 1-27, February.
    21. Robert E. Carpenter & Bruce C. Petersen, 2002. "Is The Growth Of Small Firms Constrained By Internal Finance?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 298-309, May.
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    23. Benavente, Jose Miguel & Johnson, Christian A. & Morande, Felipe G., 2003. "Debt composition and balance sheet effects of exchange rate depreciations: a firm-level analysis for Chile," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 397-416, December.
    24. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-70, May.
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