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Using Partial Identification Methods to Estimate the Effect of Violence Against Women on Their Children’s Health Outcomes

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  • Jorge M. Agüero

    (University of Connecticut)

Abstract

Non-experimental studies evaluate the robustness of their treatment effects by exploring the sensitivity of their estimates to the inclusion of additional variables. However, recent papers have shown that such heuristic approaches are insufficient. Instead, partial identification methods have been proposed to bound non-experimental estimates. I use proportional selection relationships to estimate the relative size of the unobservables needed to eliminate the estimated effects. I apply this method to test the effects that violence against women has on the health outcomes of their children, a research area that lacks credible identification strategies. Also, to expand the external validity of my analysis, I use data from five standardized nationally representative household surveys in Latin America. Consistent with previous studies, OLS estimates show large negative associations between violence against women and an array of child health outcomes. However, when accounting for omitted variable bias, at best, two-thirds of the estimates remain robust and they are concentrated on the outcomes with the largest cross-sectional estimated impacts.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge M. Agüero, 2016. "Using Partial Identification Methods to Estimate the Effect of Violence Against Women on Their Children’s Health Outcomes," Working papers 2016-23, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uct:uconnp:2016-23
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    File URL: http://web2.uconn.edu/economics/working/2016-23.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Joseph G. Altonji & Todd E. Elder & Christopher R. Taber, 2005. "Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 151-184, February.
    2. Janet Currie & Tom Vogl, 2013. "Early-Life Health and Adult Circumstance in Developing Countries," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 5(1), pages 1-36, May.
    3. Rawlings, Samantha & Siddique, Zahra, 2014. "Domestic Abuse and Child Health," IZA Discussion Papers 8566, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Jeni Klugman & Lucia Hanmer & Sarah Twigg & Tazeen Hasan & Jennifer McCleary-Sills & Julieth Santamaria, 2014. "Voice and Agency : Empowering Women and Girls for Shared Prosperity," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 19036, June.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Partial identification; domestic violence; children’s health; Latin America;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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