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Offshoring, Exporting, and Jobs

Author

Listed:
  • Jose L. Groizard

    () (Universitat de les Illes Balears)

  • Priya Ranjan

    () (University of California, Irvine)

  • Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez

    () (University of California, Irvine)

Abstract

We construct a two-sector model - one producing a homogeneous good and the other producing differentiated goods - with labor market frictions to study the impact of offshoring on intrafirm, intrasectoral, and intersectoral reallocation of jobs, and on the economy-wide unemployment rate. A reduction in the offshoring cost affects intrafirm and intrasectoral reallocation in the differentiated-good sector through a job-relocation effect, a productivity effect, and a competition effect. The key parameters determining the impact of offshoring on reallocation of jobs at various margins as well as on the economy-wide unemployment rate are the elasticity of substitution between inputs and the elasticity of demand for differentiated goods. Allowing differentiated-good firms to export creates an additional channel through which a reduction in the cost of offshoring affects jobs and unemployment. We also show that the implications of a reduction in the cost of trading final goods are different from those of a reduction in the offshoring cost."

Suggested Citation

  • Jose L. Groizard & Priya Ranjan & Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez, 2013. "Offshoring, Exporting, and Jobs," DEA Working Papers 61, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Departament d'Economía Aplicada.
  • Handle: RePEc:ubi:deawps:61
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Jose L. Groizard & Priya Ranjan & Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez, 2015. "Trade Costs And Job Flows: Evidence From Establishment-Level Data," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 53(1), pages 173-204, January.
    2. Groizard, Jose L. & Ranjan, Priya & Rodriguez-Lopez, Antonio, 2014. "Offshoring and jobs: The myriad channels of influence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 221-239.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    heterogeneous firms; offshoring costs; search frictions; unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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