What Has Happened to Middle-Class Earnings? Distributional Shifts in Earnings in Canada, 1970-2005
This paper examines how middle-class earnings in Canada have changed between 1970 and 2005 using Census microdata. Middle-class earnings are defined as workersâ€™ earnings between 50 and 150 percent of the median or as earnings between the 20th and 80th percentile earnings. The analysis looks at the proportion of workers (â€œworkersâ€™ shareâ€) with middle-class earnings and the proportion of earnings (â€œearnings shareâ€) received by middle-class workers. The study finds: (i) there has been a marked decline of full-time full-year middle-class workers and corresponding marked increases of higher- and lower-earning workers in the Canadian workplace; (ii) there has been an even larger shift in earnings with middle-class workers losing out to strong earnings gains of higher-earning workers; and (iii) the majority of the decline of the middle-class earnings share was due to the fall in their workersâ€™ share for male and for full-time full-year female workers.
|Date of creation:||26 Mar 2014|
|Date of revision:||26 Mar 2014|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/|
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