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Entrepreneurship and Labor Market Mobility: the Role of Unemployment Insurance

Author

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  • Gaillard, Alexandre
  • Kankanamge, Sumudu

Abstract

We evaluate the effects of unemployment insurance variations in a general equilibrium occupational choice model of entrepreneurship. We establish that the occupational flow from unemployment to entrepreneurship is remarkably sensitive to unemployment insurance generosity, corroborating our empirical findings. Beyond direct effects on unemployment, we find large reallocations between employment and entrepreneurship relative to changes in generosity. They contribute to an empirically consistent stable aggregate employment rate, despite increasing unemployment. We show that an insurance coverage effect, i.e. a change in the relative riskiness between occupations with respect to generosity, is a key driver of our results.

Suggested Citation

  • Gaillard, Alexandre & Kankanamge, Sumudu, 2021. "Entrepreneurship and Labor Market Mobility: the Role of Unemployment Insurance," TSE Working Papers 21-1187, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  • Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:125253
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Henry S. Farber & Jesse Rothstein & Robert G. Valletta, 2015. "The Effect of Extended Unemployment Insurance Benefits: Evidence from the 2012-2013 Phase-Out," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 105(5), pages 171-176, May.
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    3. Joanne W. Hsu & David A. Matsa & Brian T. Melzer, 2018. "Unemployment Insurance as a Housing Market Stabilizer," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 108(1), pages 49-81, January.
    4. Koellinger, Philipp & Minniti, Maria, 2009. "Unemployment benefits crowd out nascent entrepreneurial activity," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 103(2), pages 96-98, May.
    5. Fedor Iskhakov & Thomas H. Jørgensen & John Rust & Bertel Schjerning, 2017. "The endogenous grid method for discrete‐continuous dynamic choice models with (or without) taste shocks," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 8(2), pages 317-365, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entrepreneurship; Unemployment Insurance; Labor Market Mobility;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination

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