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Effects of a bank consolidation promotion policy: Evaluating Bank Law in 1927 Japan

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  • Tetsuji Okazaki

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo)

  • Michiru Sawada

    (Faculty of Economics, Nagoyagakuin University)

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of bank consolidations promoted by government policy, using data from pre-war Japan when the Ministry of Finance promoted bank consolidations by dint of the Bank Law of 1927. It is found that policy-promoted consolidation had a positive effect on deposit growth, especially in the period when the financial system was unstable. On the other hand, it had a negative effect on profitability, particularly when there was no dominant bank among the participants or when more than two banks participated in the consolidation. Policy-promoted consolidation in such cases was likely to be accompanied by large organizational cost.

Suggested Citation

  • Tetsuji Okazaki & Michiru Sawada, 2006. "Effects of a bank consolidation promotion policy: Evaluating Bank Law in 1927 Japan," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-400, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  • Handle: RePEc:tky:fseres:2006cf400
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Tetsuji Okazaki & Michiru Sawada & Ke Wang, 2005. "The Fall of "Organ Bank" Relationships During the Wave of Bank Failures and Consolidations: Experience in Pre-war Japan," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-379, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mathias Hoffmann & Tetsuji Okazaki & Toshihiro Okubo, 2019. "Branch Banking and Regional Financial Markets: Evidence from Prewar Japan," CIGS Working Paper Series 19-001E, The Canon Institute for Global Studies.
    2. Jean-Pascal Bassino & Thomas Lagoarde-Segot, 2015. "Informational efficiency in the Tokyo Stock Exchange, 1931–40," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 68(4), pages 1226-1249, November.
    3. Sawada, Michiru, 2010. "Liquidity risk and bank portfolio management in a financial system without deposit insurance: Empirical evidence from prewar Japan," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 392-406, June.
    4. Randall Morck & Bernard Yeung, 2017. "East Asian Financial and Economic Development," Working Papers id:12112, eSocialSciences.
    5. Ahmad Bello, Dogarawa, 2006. "Challenges of Bank Consolidation to the Central Bank of Nigeria: A Descriptive Analysis," MPRA Paper 23198, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Tetsuji Okazaki, 2015. "Bank Behavior in Regional Finance and the Development of Regional Industries:The Case of Prewar Fukushima, Japan," CIGS Working Paper Series 15-001E, The Canon Institute for Global Studies.
    7. Tetsuji Okazaki & Koji Sakai, 2020. "Capital Market Integration with Multiple Convergence Clubs: The Case of Prewar Japan," CARF F-Series CARF-F-475, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo.
    8. Jean-Pascal Bassino & Thomas Lagoarde-Segot, 2013. "Trading patterns at the Tokyo Stock Exchange, 1931-1940," CEH Discussion Papers 012, Centre for Economic History, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
    9. Thomas Lagoarde-Segot & Jean Pascal Bassino, 2012. "Informational dynamics and cross market linkages in the Tokyo Stock Exchange, 1931-40," Working Papers 12017, Economic History Society.
    10. Kris James Mitchener & Mari Ohnuki, 2007. "Capital Market Integration in Japan," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 25(2), pages 129-154, November.
    11. Kris James Mitchener & Mari Ohnuki, 2008. "Institutions, Competition, and Capital Market Integration in Japan," IMES Discussion Paper Series 08-E-12, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
    12. Tetsuji Okazaki & Koji Sakai, 2020. "Capital Market Integration with Multiple Convergence Clubs: The Case of Prewar Japan," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-1148, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    13. Kris J. Mitchener & Mari Ohnuki, 2008. "Institutions, Competition, and Capital Market Integration in Japan," NBER Working Papers 14090, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Tetsuji Okazaki, 2015. "Bank Behavior in Regional Finance and the Development of Regional Industries: The Case of Prewar Fukushima, Japan," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-972, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    15. Tetsuji OKAZAKI & Koji SAKAI, 2020. "Capital Market Integration with Multiple Convergence Clubs: The Case of Prewar Japan," CIGS Working Paper Series 20-004E, The Canon Institute for Global Studies.
    16. Kris James Mitchener & Mari Ohnuki, 2007. "Capital Market Integration In Japan," IMES Discussion Paper Series 07-E-17, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.

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