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Monetary Policy in Turkey After the Global Crisis

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  • A. Hakan Kara

Abstract

Post-crisis spillovers and heightened capital flows have triggered a search for alternative monetary policy frameworks, especially for small open emerging economies. The Turkish experience since end-2010 sets out an interesting case in this respect. Faced with extreme volatility in cross-border capital flows, rapid credit growth and a sharp deterioration in the current account deficit, Central Bank of Turkey (CBT) has modified the conventional inflation targeting regime by adopting financial stability as a supplementary objective and enriching the set of policy instruments with a particular emphasis on credit and exchange rate channels. This study explains the underlying motivation why the CBT has adopted such a flexible policy, provides an overview of the new framework, and summarizes the initial results. The analysis conducted throughout the paper and the recent evidence suggests that the new policy framework has been quite effective in reducing the macro financial risks related to a sudden reversal of capital flows by engineering a “soft landing” of the Turkish economy. The policy has successfully shifted the composition of aggregate demand towards a more balanced growth path (rebalancing) without prejudice to the price stability objective.

Suggested Citation

  • A. Hakan Kara, 2012. "Monetary Policy in Turkey After the Global Crisis," Working Papers 1217, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  • Handle: RePEc:tcb:wpaper:1217
    as

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    File URL: http://www.tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/EN/TCMB+EN/Main+Menu/Publications/Research/Working+Paperss/2012/12-17
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hakan Kara & Fethi Ogunc, 2011. "Doviz Kuru ve Ithalat Fiyatlarinin Enflasyona Etkisi," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1114, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    2. Moritz Schularick & Alan M. Taylor, 2012. "Credit Booms Gone Bust: Monetary Policy, Leverage Cycles, and Financial Crises, 1870-2008," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(2), pages 1029-1061, April.
    3. Olivier Jeanne & Anton Korinek, 2010. "Managing Credit Booms and Busts: A Pigouvian Taxation Approach," NBER Working Papers 16377, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Yıldız AKKAYA & Refet S. GÜRKAYNAK, 2012. "Cari açık, bütçe dengesi, finansal istikrar ve para politikası: Heyecanlı bir dönemin izi," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 27(315), pages 93-119.
    5. Òscar Jordà & Moritz Schularick & Alan M Taylor, 2011. "Financial Crises, Credit Booms, and External Imbalances: 140 Years of Lessons," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 59(2), pages 340-378, June.
    6. Aaron Tornell & Frank Westermann (ed.), 2005. "Boom-Bust Cycles and Financial Liberalization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 9780262201599, January.
    7. Erdem Başçı & Hakan Kara, 2011. "Finansal istikrar ve para politikası," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 26(302), pages 9-25.
    8. Carmen M. Reinhart, 2011. "A Series of Unfortunate Events: Common Sequencing Patterns in Financial Crises," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, issue 4, pages 11-36, October-D.
    9. Koray Alper & Defne Mutluer Kurul & Ramazan Karasahin, 2011. "Arzin Merkezine Seyahat : Bankacilarla Yapilan Gorusmelerden Elde Edilen Bilgilerle Turk Bankacilik Sektorunun Davranisi," Working Papers 1124, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    10. Yusuf Soner Baskaya & Eda Gulsen & A. Hakan Kara, 2012. "Iletisim Politikasi ve Enflasyon Beklentileri," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1214, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    11. Koray Alper & S. Tolga Tiryaki, 2011. "Zorunlu Karsiliklarin Para Politikasindaki Yeri," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1108, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hakan Kara & Hande Kucuk & Tolga Tiryaki & Canan Yuksel, 2014. "In Search of a Reasonable Credit Growth Rate for Turkey," Central Bank Review, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, vol. 14(1), pages 1-14.
    2. ?lyas ??klar & Burhan Do?an, 2015. "Monetary Condition Index with Time Varying Weights: An Application to Turkish Data," Business and Economic Research, Macrothink Institute, vol. 5(1), pages 117-132, June.
    3. Ranat Eskinat, 2014. "New Monetary Policy Approach in Turkey Against Financial Systemic Risk," South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics, Association of Economic Universities of South and Eastern Europe and the Black Sea Region, vol. 12(2), pages 201-214.
    4. Novák, Zsuzsanna, 2014. "Monetáris politika, infláció és gazdasági növekedés Kelet-Közép- és Délkelet-Európában
      [Monetary policy, inflation and economic growth in Central and South Eastern Europe]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 923-942.
    5. Hasan Comert & Selman Colak, 2014. "The Impacts of the Global Crisis on the Turkish Economy and Policy Responses," ERC Working Papers 1417, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Dec 2014.
    6. repec:bis:bisbps:94 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Akhand Akhtar Hossain, 2015. "Central Banking and Monetary Policy in Muslim-Majority Countries," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14612, April.
    8. repec:bis:bisbpc:94-27 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Değerli, Ahmet & Fendoğlu, Salih, 2015. "Reserve option mechanism as a stabilizing policy tool: Evidence from exchange rate expectations," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 166-179.
    10. Bilge Bakin & Gozde Gurgun, 2014. "Portfolio Investments and Asset Prices Relationship in Turkey," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 0201138, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; price stability; financial stability; capital flows; monetary transmission mechanism; macro-prudential policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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