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Nominal GDP Targeting with Heterogeneous Labor Supply

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  • Bullard, James
  • Singh, Aarti

Abstract

We study nominal GDP targeting as optimal monetary policy in a model with a credit market friction following Azariadis, Bullard, Singh and Suda (2018), henceforth ABSS. As in ABSS, the macroeconomy we study has considerable income inequality which gives rise to a large pri- vate sector credit market. Households participating in this market use non-state contingent nominal contracts (NSCNC). We extend the ABSS framework to allow for endogenous and heterogeneous household labor supply among credit market participant households. We show that nom- inal GDP targeting continues to characterize optimal monetary policy in this setting. Optimal monetary policy repairs the distortion caused by the credit market friction and so leaves heterogeneous households supply- ing their desired amount of labor, a type of divine coincidence result. We also analyze the incomplete markets equilibrium that exists when the monetary policymaker pursues a suboptimal policy, and show how an ex- tension to more general preferences can limit the ability of the policymaker to provide full insurance to households in this setting.

Suggested Citation

  • Bullard, James & Singh, Aarti, 2017. "Nominal GDP Targeting with Heterogeneous Labor Supply," Working Papers 2017-03, University of Sydney, School of Economics, revised Jan 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:syd:wpaper:2017-03
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    Cited by:

    1. Lars E.O. Svensson, 2020. "Monetary Policy Strategies for the Federal Reserve," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 16(1), pages 133-193, February.
    2. Azariadis, Costas & Bullard, James & Singh, Aarti & Suda, Jacek, 2019. "Incomplete credit markets and monetary policy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 83-101.
    3. James B. Bullard & Riccardo DiCecio, 2019. "Optimal Monetary Policy for the Masses," Working Papers 2019-009, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 25 Jul 2023.
    4. Nicolás Cachanosky, 2021. "Microfoundations and macroeconomics: 20 years," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 34(2), pages 279-288, June.
    5. Nicolás Cachanosky, 0. "Microfoundations and macroeconomics: 20 years," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 0, pages 1-10.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Non-state contingent nominal contracting; optimal mone- tary policy; nominal GDP targeting; life cycle economies; heterogeneous households; credit market participation; labor supply.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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