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Pourquoi les jeunes provenant de familles a plus faible revenu sont-ils moins susceptibles de frequenter l'universite? Analyse fondee sur les aptitudes aux etudes, l'influence des parents et les contraintes financieres

  • Frenette, Marc

Dans la presente etude, je m'appuie sur de nouvelles donnees canadiennes detaillees sur les aptitudes aux etudes, l'influence des parents, les contraintes financieres et d'autres caracteristiques socioeconomiques de base des jeunes pour tacher d'expliquer l'ecart important dans la frequentation de l'universite d'un niveau de la repartition du revenu a l'autre. Je conclus que 96 % de l'ecart total dans la frequentation de l'universite entre les jeunes se situant au quartile superieur de revenu et ceux appartenant au quartile inferieur s'explique par des differences dans les caracteristiques observables. Les differences dans les facteurs a long terme comme les notes aux tests normalises de lecture et les notes scolaires obtenues a 15 ans, l'influence des parents et la qualite de l'ecole secondaire expliquent 84 % de l'ecart. En revanche, seulement 12 % de l'ecart est relie aux contraintes financieres. Les resultats sont comparables pour les differents quartiles de revenu et lorsque j'utilise des notes aux tests normalises de mathematiques et de sciences. Toutefois, une plus grande partie de l'ecart est attribuable aux notes en lecture qu'aux notes a d'autres tests.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2007295f.

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Date of creation: 08 Feb 2007
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2007295f
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  1. Jacob, Brian A., 2002. "Where the boys aren't: non-cognitive skills, returns to school and the gender gap in higher education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 589-598, December.
  2. Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Ransom, Michael R., 1994. "On discrimination and the decomposition of wage differentials," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 5-21, March.
  3. Frenette, Marc, 2005. "L'incidence des frais de scolarite sur l'acces a l'universite : resultats de la vaste dereglementation des frais de scolarite des programmes professionnels," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2005263f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  4. Pedro Carneiro & James J. Heckman, 2002. "The Evidence on Credit Constraints in Post-Secondary Schooling," NBER Working Papers 9055, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
  6. James J. Heckman & Jora Stixrud & Sergio Urzua, 2006. "The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior," NBER Working Papers 12006, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. David Neumark, 1987. "Employers' discriminatory behavior and the estimation of wage discrimination," Special Studies Papers 227, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  8. Drolet, Marie, 2005. "Participation aux etudes postsecondaires au Canada : le role du revenu et du niveau de scolarite des parents a-t-il evolue au cours des annees 1990?," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2005243f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  9. Neill, Christine, 2009. "Tuition fees and the demand for university places," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 561-570, October.
  10. Alan Manning & Helen Robinson, 2004. "Something in the way she moves: a fresh look at an old gap," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 56(2), pages 169-188, April.
  11. Green, David A. & Milligan, Kevin & Frenette, Marc, 2006. "Revisiting Recent Trends in Canadian After-Tax Income Inequality Using Census Data," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2006274e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  12. Frenette, Marc, 2005. "L'acces aux etudes postsecondaires est-il plus equitable au Canada ou aux Etats Unis?," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2005244f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  13. Zhao, John & Lipps, Garth & Corak, Miles, 2003. "Revenu familial et participation aux etudes postsecondaires," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2003210f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  14. Frenette, Marc, 2003. "Access to College and University: Does Distance Matter?," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2003201e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  15. Ronald Oaxaca, 1971. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," Working Papers 396, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  16. David Card, 2000. "Estimating the Return to Schooling: Progress on Some Persistent Econometric Problems," NBER Working Papers 7769, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Moffitt, Robert A., 1999. "New developments in econometric methods for labor market analysis," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 24, pages 1367-1397 Elsevier.
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