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The Value Of The High Aswan Dam To The Egyptian Economy

  • Kenneth M. Strzepek
  • Gary W. Yohe
  • Richard S.J. Tol

    ()

    (Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin)

  • Mark Rosegrant

The High Aswan Dam converted a variable and uncertain flow of river water into a predictable and controllable flow. We use a computable general equilibrium model of the Egyptian economy to estimate the economic impact of the High Aswan Dam. We compare the 1997 economy as it was to the 1997 economy as it would have been for 72 historical, pre-dam water flows. The steady water flow increased transport productivity, while the seasonal shift in water supply allowed for a shift towards more valuable summer crops. These static effects are worth LE 4.9 billion. Investments in transport and agriculture increased as a consequence. Assuming that Egypt is a small open economy, this is worth another LE 1.1 billion. The risk premium on the reduced variability is estimated to be LE 1.1 billion for a modest risk aversion, and perhaps LE 4.4 billion for a high risk aversion. The total gain of LE 7.1 billion equals 2.7% of GDP.

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File URL: http://www.fnu.zmaw.de/fileadmin/fnu-files/publication/working-papers/aswanwp.pdf
File Function: First version, 2006
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Paper provided by Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University in its series Working Papers with number FNU-111.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2006
Date of revision: Jun 2006
Publication status: Published, Ecological Economics, 66 (1), 117-126
Handle: RePEc:sgc:wpaper:111
Contact details of provider: Postal: Bundesstrasse 55, 20146 Hamburg
Phone: +49 40 42838 6593
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Web page: http://www.fnu.zmaw.de/

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  1. Lofgren, Hans & El-Said, Moataz, 2001. "Food subsidies in Egypt: reform options, distribution and welfare," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 65-83, February.
  2. Anthony Letsoalo & James Blignaut & Theuns de Wet & Martin de Wit & Sebastiaan Hess & Richard S.J. Tol & Jan van Heerden, 2005. "Triple Dividends Of Water Consumption Charges In South Africa," Working Papers FNU-62, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Apr 2005.
  3. Wichelns, Dennis, 2002. "Economic analysis of water allocation policies regarding Nile River water in Egypt," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 155-175, January.
  4. Harold A. Thomas, Jr. & Roger Revelle, 1966. "On the Efficient Use of High Aswan Dam for Hydropower and Irrigation," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 12(8), pages B296-B311, April.
  5. Perry, C. J., 1996. "Alternative approaches to cost sharing for water service to agriculture in Egypt," IWMI Research Reports H 18207, International Water Management Institute.
  6. Noelwah R. Netusil & Thomas R. Harris & Chang K. Seung & Jeffrey E. Englin, 2000. "Impacts of water reallocation: A combined computable general equilibrium and recreation demand model approach," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 34(4), pages 473-487.
  7. Decaluwé, B. & Patry, A. & Savard, L., 1999. "When Water is no Longer Heaven Sent: Comparative Pricing Analysis in an AGE Model," Cahiers de recherche 9908, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  8. Sherman Robinson & Andrea Cattaneo & Moataz El-Said, 2001. "Updating and Estimating a Social Accounting Matrix Using Cross Entropy Methods," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 47-64.
  9. Diao, Xinshen & Roe, Terry, 2003. "Can a water market avert the "double-whammy" of trade reform and lead to a "win-win" outcome?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 708-723, May.
  10. Perry, C. J., 1996. "Alternative approaches to cost sharing for water service to agriculture in Egypt," IWMI Books, Reports H018207, International Water Management Institute.
  11. Goodman, D. Jay, 2000. "More Reservoirs Or Transfers? A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis Of Projected Water Shortages In The Arkansas River Basin," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 25(02), December.
  12. Löfgren, Hans & Harris, Rebecca Lee & Robinson, Sherman, 2001. "A standard computable general equilibrium (CGE) model in GAMS," TMD discussion papers 75, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  13. Ragaei El Mallakh, 1959. "Some Economic Aspects of the Aswan High Dam Project in Egypt," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(1), pages 15-23.
  14. Wyn F. Owen, 1964. "Land and Water Use in the Egyptian High Dam Era," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 40(3), pages 277-293.
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