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Determinates of Savings and Economic Growth in Poland in Comparison to the OECD Countries

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  • Barbara Liberda
  • Tomasz Tokarski

Abstract

Authors investigate interactions between the rate of economic growth and the saving rate in Poland in the 1990s. Tendencies observed in the Polish economy are related to the long term trends of growth and saving in a number of OECD countries. A simulation of possible development paths of the Polish economy is conducted using results of the estimation of the saving function for the OECD countries in the period 1971-1994. The model implies that, if the factors determining the rate of saving and the rate of growth were the same as those in the OECD countries during the last 25 years, the rate of saving in Poland would be higher by 5 percentage points and would equal 22 percent. Moreover, assuming the medium term rate of growth of 5-7 percent, a reduction of the budget deficit and the current account deficit, would result in a rise in the saving rate up to the level of 25-27 percent of GDP. Savings of households would rise by 2-3 percentage points to the level of 12 percent of GDP. The long term rate of growth would either be lowered down to 4 percent or raised up to 8 percent depending on the extent of utilisation of externalities and increasing returns from the employment of the human capital and technological change.

Suggested Citation

  • Barbara Liberda & Tomasz Tokarski, 1999. "Determinates of Savings and Economic Growth in Poland in Comparison to the OECD Countries," CASE-CEU Working Papers 0024, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:sec:ceuwps:0024
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    File URL: http://www.case-research.eu/upload/publikacja_plik/70034_CEU-CASE24.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kessler, Denis & Perelman, Sergio & Pestieau, Pierre, 1993. "Savings Behavior in 17 OECD Countries," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 39(1), pages 37-49, March.
    2. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    3. Masson, Paul R & Bayoumi, Tamim & Samiei, Hossein, 1998. "International Evidence on the Determinants of Private Saving," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 12(3), pages 483-501, September.
    4. Edwards, Sebastian, 1996. "Why are Latin America's savings rates so low? An international comparative analysis," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 5-44, October.
    5. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Barbara Liberda, 1999. "Household Saving in Poland," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0187, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
    2. Aleksandra Kolasa & Barbara Liberda, 2014. "Determinants of saving in Poland: Are they different than in other OECD countries?," Working Papers 2014-13, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    3. Tsermenidis, Konstantinos, 2014. "Προσδιοριστικοί Παράγοντες Της Εθνικής Αποταμίευσης Κατά Την Περίοδο 1990-2010 Και Μέτρα Ενίσχυσης Της Οικονομικής Ανάπτυξης
      [The Determinants of National Savings in Greece during the period 1990-2
      ," MPRA Paper 56773, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    Keywords

    economic growth; Poland; OECD;

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