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The Mezzogiorno Problem to be. Territorial Implications of the Reform of Tertiary Education in Italy

Author

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  • IOVINO, Giorgia

    () (CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno - Italy)

Abstract

In the last decade the university system in Italy has shrank and a larger heterogeneity has emerged among universities located in different areas of the country. The Italian Mezzogiorno has been hit the most in terms of enrolled students, academic staff, financial resources, number and variety of courses offered. At the same time a large migration of students from southern to northern areas took place. In this work we investigate these issues and we disentangle the possible causes at the origin of these phenomena. We highlight, in particular, the role of new regulatory policies and the funding mechanisms based on performance indicators for the emergence of new forms of territorial disparities. We conclude that, to implement austerity plans required by the fiscal conditions in the aftermath of the crisis, the policy course taken on tertiary education is actually endangering future perspectives of most vulnerable households in less advanced regions of the country.

Suggested Citation

  • IOVINO, Giorgia, 2017. "The Mezzogiorno Problem to be. Territorial Implications of the Reform of Tertiary Education in Italy," CELPE Discussion Papers 147, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:sal:celpdp:0147
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Francesco Ferrante, 2012. "Students’ Incoming Quality and Outgoing Performance: The Case of Engineering Graduates," Working Papers 50, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.
    2. Dilip Mookherjee & Marcello D'Amato, 2010. "Educational Signaling, Credit Constraints and Inequality Dynamics," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2010-035, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    3. Alberto Baccini & Giuseppe De Nicolao, 2016. "Do they agree? Bibliometric evaluation versus informed peer review in the Italian research assessment exercise," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 108(3), pages 1651-1671, September.
    4. Marcello D’Amato & Christian Pietro, 2014. "Occupational mobility and wealth evolution in a model of educational investment with credit market imperfections," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 12(1), pages 73-98, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tertiary education; Geographical unbalances; Student mobility; Educational policies;

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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