The Business Cycle Human Capital Accumulation Nexus and its Effect on Labor Supply Volatility
This paper studies the cyclicality of human capital accumulation by using a lifecycle RBC model with two types of heterogeneity: age and productivity in learning. Results show that individuals invest more in human capital during economic downturns. In particular, schooling acts as a buffer sector and allows agents to compensate for the shock by accumulating more human capital. However, human capital accumulation is more countercyclical for young and low-productivity individuals because they face lower opportunity costs of education and a higher marginal product of human capital. These results are confirmed empirically using US data from the Current Population Survey.
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"On the cyclicality of schooling: theory and evidence,"
Oxford Economic Papers,
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- Freddy Heylen & Lorenzo Pozzi, 2007. "Crises and human capital accumulation," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 40(4), pages 1261-1285, November.
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