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Automobile Usage and Urban Rail Transit Expansion

  • Xie, Lunyu
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    Using individual travel diary data collected before and after the rail transit coverage expansion in urban Beijing, this paper estimates the impact of rail accessibility improvement on the usage of rail transit, automobiles, buses, walking, and bicycling, measured as percent distance traveled by each mode in an individual trip. My results indicate that the average rail transit usage significantly increased, by 98.3% for commuters residing in the zones where the distances to the nearest station decreased because of the expansion, relative to commuters in the zones where the distances did not change. I also find that auto usage significantly decreased, by 19.8%, while the impact on bus usage was small and not statistically significant. Average walking and bicycling distance (combined) increased by 11.8%, indicating that walking and bicycling are complements to urban rail transit, instead of substitutes. Furthermore, I find that estimated changes in auto usage and rail transit usage vary significantly with auto ownership and income.

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    File URL: http://www.rff.org/RFF/documents/EfD-DP-12-17.pdf
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    Paper provided by Resources For the Future in its series Discussion Papers with number dp-12-17-efd.

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    Date of creation: 11 Dec 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:rff:dpaper:dp-12-17-efd
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.rff.org

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