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Monetary Policy in a Currency Union with National Price Asymmetries

  • Sandra Gomes

We investigate the importance of the behaviour of the monetary authority for the dynamics of a currency union where cross-country asymmetries are not necessarily reflected in differences in economic size. We construct a stylised two-country general equilibrium model with sticky-prices to serve as laboratory for studying the operating characteristics of Taylor-type interest rate rules. We consider that the two countries in the union are different in terms of the price-setting practices of firms, and inspect the implications of alternative policy rules for the dynamics of the economy. The experiments carried out show, in general, that the way shocks propagate in the monetary union is linked to the systematic behaviour of the monetary authority. The reaction of the central bank to economic developments is important both at the union level and at the country level, namely to explain cross-country differences in economic behaviour. On the other hand, in our model the policy that stabilizes inflation is not necessarily the same that makes the output in the union less volatile. Also, the policy that reduces aggregate volatility does not necessarily imply the same for each country individually.

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Paper provided by Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department in its series Working Papers with number w200416.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w200416
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  1. Nicoletta Batini & Andrew G Haldane, 1999. "Forward-looking rules for monetary policy," Bank of England working papers 91, Bank of England.
  2. Rochelle M. Edge, 2002. "The Equivalence of Wage and Price Staggering in Monetary Business Cycle Models," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 5(3), pages 559-585, July.
  3. William T. Gavin & Finn E. Kydland, 1996. "Endogenous money supply and the business cycle," Working Paper 9605, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  4. Williams, John C. & Levin, Andrew T. & Wieland, Volker, 2001. "The performance of forecast-based monetary policy rules under model uncertainty," Working Paper Series 0068, European Central Bank.
  5. Casares, Miguel, 2001. "Business cycle and monetary policy analysis in a structural sticky-price model of the euro area," Working Paper Series 0049, European Central Bank.
  6. Mónica Dias & Daniel Dias & Pedro Duarte Neves, 2004. "Stylised Features of Price Setting Behaviour in Portugal: 1992-2001," Working Papers w200405, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
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  9. Mikhail Golosov & Robert E. Lucas, 2003. "Menu Costs and Phillips Curves," NBER Working Papers 10187, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Baudry, Laurent & Le Bihan, Hervé & Sevestre, Patrick & Tarrieu, Sylvie, 2004. "Price rigidity. Evidence from the French CPI micro-data," Working Paper Series 0384, European Central Bank.
  11. Yun, Tack, 1996. "Nominal price rigidity, money supply endogeneity, and business cycles," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 345-370, April.
  12. Benigno, Pierpaolo, 2004. "Optimal monetary policy in a currency area," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 293-320, July.
  13. John C. Williams & Andrew T. Levin, 2003. "Robust Monetary Policy with Competing Reference Models," Computing in Economics and Finance 2003 291, Society for Computational Economics.
  14. Niki Papadopoulou, 2004. "Sticky Prices, Limited Participation or Both?," Working Papers 2004_3, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
  15. Duarte, Margarida & Wolman, Alexander L., 2008. "Fiscal policy and regional inflation in a currency union," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 384-401, March.
  16. Aoki, Kosuke, 2001. "Optimal monetary policy responses to relative-price changes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 55-80, August.
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