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Economic Misery, Urbanization and Life Expectancy in MENA Nations: An Empirical Analysis

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Listed:
  • Ali, Amjad
  • Audi, Marc

Abstract

This paper has examined the effect of urbanization and economic misery on average life expectancy in selected MENA nations from 2001 to 2016. The selected MENA nations are: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Islamic Rep., Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen Rep. PP-Fisher Chi-square, Levin, Lin & Chu t*, Im, Pesaran and Shin W-stat and ADF-Fisher Chi-square unit root tests have been used for examining unit root issue in the data. Panel ARDL has been used for reviewing the co-integration among the selected indicators. The causality of the variables has been analyzed by impulse response function and variance decomposition. The outcomes reveal that food availability has significant and positive relation with an average life expectancy. The outcomes show that environmental standards put significant and positive impact on average life expectancy. The outcomes reveal that economic misery has a significant and negative influence on average life expectancy in MENA nations. The findings reveal that urbanization puts significant and positive influence on average life expectancy. So, for improving the average life expectancy in MENA nations availability of food, household final consumption and the level of urbanization must be enhanced. Whereas at the time economic misery will be reduced.

Suggested Citation

  • Ali, Amjad & Audi, Marc, 2019. "Economic Misery, Urbanization and Life Expectancy in MENA Nations: An Empirical Analysis," MPRA Paper 93459, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:93459
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/93459/1/MPRA_paper_93459.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic misery; urbanization; life expectancy;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • J17 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Value of Life; Foregone Income
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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