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Impact of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme on Crop Diversification in West Bengal Agriculture

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  • Kundu, Amit

Abstract

The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) is acclaimed as the largest public works programme in the World. Based on its vast potential for creation of productive works, high expectations have raised in terms of augmentation of rural connectivity and rural water and land resources that would improve agricultural productivity. This paper investigates whether different kinds of expansion of infrastructure related to agricultural under NREGS have any impact on the crop diversification of West Bengal over the years .We have taken 18 districts of West Bengal. District level trends and patterns in crop diversification in West Bengal between the periods 2006-07 to 2013-14 are calculated using Simpson Index of Diversification (SID). The study revealed that cropping pattern at district level is transforming from food grains to high-value crops but the transformation is not uniform across the districts. The results of Fixed Effect Model revealed that ‘micro irrigation’ and ‘rural connectivity’ work under NREGS have created a positive but small impact on crop diversification. It is further observed that average rain fall and average harvest price of principal crops in the previous period also play a significant role to enhance the crop diversification of West Bengal.

Suggested Citation

  • Kundu, Amit, 2017. "Impact of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme on Crop Diversification in West Bengal Agriculture," MPRA Paper 85014, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 07 Jul 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:85014
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/85014/1/MPRA_paper_85014.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pingali, Prabhu L. & Rosegrant, Mark W., 1995. "Agricultural commercialization and diversification: processes and policies," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 171-185, June.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crop diversification; Simpson index of diversification; panel data estimation; fixed effect model.;

    JEL classification:

    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets

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