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Effectiveness of foreign aid in sub-Saharan Africa: Does disaggregating aid into bilateral and multilateral components make a difference?

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  • Wako, Hassen

Abstract

Inspired by the contradicting findings of studies on aid effectiveness and the recently emerging dissatisfaction of scholars with the methodologies of earlier works, this study took up the examination of the effectiveness of bilateral and multilateral aids on economic growth. To this end, the study applied the estimation technique of system-GMM (system generalized method of moments) to panel data of 42 Sub-Saharan African countries collected from secondary sources for the years 1980 through 2007. For the data at hand, there was no evidence for the (conditional or unconditional) effectiveness of both kinds of aid. This result was robust to the use of alternative growth models. Bilateral aid on its own, or in interaction with policy, is ineffective at enhancing economic growth, regardless of whether one measures it relative to the recipients' gross domestic product or in per capita terms. The same holds for multilateral aid. This conclusion confines itself to the data at hand and thus gives no evidence about the effectiveness of the recently emerging aid modalities, which are argued to possess elements of better government accountability, better transparency and better recipient ownership.

Suggested Citation

  • Wako, Hassen, 2011. "Effectiveness of foreign aid in sub-Saharan Africa: Does disaggregating aid into bilateral and multilateral components make a difference?," MPRA Paper 72617, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:72617
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/72617/8/MPRA_paper_72617.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ogundipe, Adeyemi & Ogundipe, Oluwatomisin, 2013. "Is Aid Really Dead? Evidences from Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 51694, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. repec:bla:rdevec:v:22:y:2018:i:1:p:23-44 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Hassen Abda Wako, 2018. "Aid, institutions and economic growth in sub†Saharan Africa: Heterogeneous donors and heterogeneous responses," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(1), pages 23-44, February.
    4. repec:bla:rdevec:v:21:y:2017:i:4:p:1425-1447 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign aid; aid effectiveness; Sub-Saharan Africa; economic growth; system- GMM (system generalized method of moments);

    JEL classification:

    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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