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De makroøkonomiske reformer i teoretisk belysning
[Macroeconomic Reforms in Theoretical Context]

Author

Listed:
  • Tarp, Finn

Abstract

Gældskrisens udbrud blev startsignalet til omfattende makroøkonomiske reformer i u-Iandene i 1980erne. De chok, som forårsagede krisen, udgjorde sammen med kraftigt voksende uligevægte i eksterne og interne samfundsøkonomiske balancer en virkningsfuld advarsel. Det blev klart, at de forudgående 15-20 års økonomiske politikker og udviklingstrategier ikke kunne opretholdes. U-Iandene havde ikke andet valg end at tilpasse sig, og makroøkonomisk analyse, som tidligere havde ført en tilbagetrukket tilværelse I udviklingsøkonomien, kom mere i fokus. Det samme gjaldt debtten om rollefordelingen mellem stat og marked. Konservative regeringer kom til magten i flere af de dominerende vestlige lande, og i internationale organisationer som den Intemationale Valutafond (IMF) og Verdensbanken (VB) vandt tilhængerne af den 'neo-klassiske mod-revolulion' frem.

Suggested Citation

  • Tarp, Finn, 1994. "De makroøkonomiske reformer i teoretisk belysning
    [Macroeconomic Reforms in Theoretical Context]
    ," MPRA Paper 64206, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:64206
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/64206/1/MPRA_paper_64206.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Cornia, Giovanni Andrea & Jolly, Richard & Stewart, Frances (ed.), 1987. "Adjustment with a Human Face: Volume 1, Protecting the Vulnerable and Promoting Growth," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198286097.
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    3. Carmen M. Reinhart, 1990. "A Model of Adjustment and Growth: An Empirical Analysis," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(1), pages 168-182, March.
    4. Mohsin S. Khan & Peter J. Montiel, 1990. "A Marriage between Fund and Bank Models? Reply to Polak," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(1), pages 187-191, March.
    5. Edwards, Sebastian, 1989. "The international monetary fund and the developing countries: A critical evaluation," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 7-68, January.
    6. Bacha, Edmar L., 1990. "A three-gap model of foreign transfers and the GDP growth rate in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 279-296, April.
    7. Riccardo Faini & Jaime De Melo & Abdelhak Senhadji & Julie Stanton, 2015. "Growth-Oriented Adjustment Programs: A Statistical Analysis," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Developing Countries in the World Economy, chapter 5, pages 125-135 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    8. Jacques J. Polak, 1990. "A Marriage between Fund and Bank Models? Comment on Khan and Montiel," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(1), pages 183-186, March.
    9. Khan, Mohsin S, 1987. "Macroeconomic Adjustment in Developing Countries: A Policy Perspective," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 2(1), pages 23-42, January.
    10. Khan, Mohsin S. & Montiel, Peter & Haque, Nadeem U., 1990. "Adjustment with growth : Relating the analytical approaches of the IMF and the World Bank," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 155-179, January.
    11. J. J. Polak, 1957. "Monetary Analysis of Income Formation and Payments Problems," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 6(1), pages 1-50, November.
    12. Edmar Bacha, 1982. "Growth with limited supplies of foreign exchanges: a reappraisal of the two-gap model," Textos para discussão 26, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Macroeconomic; Reforms; Developing Countries;

    JEL classification:

    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • P11 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform

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