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Policy Tradeoffs in an Open Economy and the Role of G-20 in Global Macroeconomic Policy Coordination

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  • Sengupta, Rajeswari
  • Sen Gupta, Abhijit

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the different nuances of India’s capital account management through empirical analyses as well as descriptive discussions. In particular we study the evolution of the capital control regime in India since 1991, and explore the rationale behind liberalizing certain flows, restricting others and the means employed to do so. Increased integration with global financial markets has amplified the complexity of macroeconomic management in India. We analyze the trade-offs faced by Indian policy makers between exchange rate stability, monetary autnomy and capital account opnenness, within the framework of the well-known Impossible Trinity or Trilemma and find that over time India has adopted an intermediate regime balancing the different policy objectives while at the same time accumulating massive international reserves. We also calculate the exchange market pressure (EMP) index in India, and track its evolution over the last couple of decades. We evaluate the extent to which the EMP index has been influenced by major macroeconomic factors and find that a deteriorating trade balance and decline in portfolio equity inflows are associated with a higher EMP while positive changes in stock market returns lower the EMP.

Suggested Citation

  • Sengupta, Rajeswari & Sen Gupta, Abhijit, 2013. "Policy Tradeoffs in an Open Economy and the Role of G-20 in Global Macroeconomic Policy Coordination," MPRA Paper 53948, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 12 Jul 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:53948
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Joshua Aizenman & Jaewoo Lee & Vladyslav Sushko, 2012. "From the Great Moderation to the Global Crisis: Exchange Market Pressure in the 2000s," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 597-621, September.
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    5. Patnaik, Ila & Shah, Ajay, 2011. "Did the Indian capital controls work as a tool of macroeconomic policy?," Working Papers 11/87, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital controls; Macroeconomic trilemma; Financial integration; Foreign exchange intervention; Sterilization; Exchange market pressure; Reserve adequacy;

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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