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Post Keynesian Endogeneity of Money Supply: Panel Evidence

Author

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  • Nayan, Sabri
  • Ahmad, Mahyudin
  • Kadir, Norsiah
  • Abdullah, Mat Saad

Abstract

Post Keynesian economics is actually macroeconomics in a world of uncertainty and endogenous money. Post Keynesians posit that money supply in a market oriented production economy is endogenous or endogenously determined (rather than exogenous as claimed by Monetarists). Money supply is said to be endogenous if it is determined within the economic system itself. The present paper investigates this theory using a panel dataset of 177 countries from year 1970-2011 utilising dynamic panel data analysis and has found that money supply is endogenous as proposed by Post Keynesian theorists.

Suggested Citation

  • Nayan, Sabri & Ahmad, Mahyudin & Kadir, Norsiah & Abdullah, Mat Saad, 2013. "Post Keynesian Endogeneity of Money Supply: Panel Evidence," MPRA Paper 48716, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48716
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/48716/1/MPRA_paper_48716.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert Pollin, 1991. "Two Theories of Money Supply Endogeneity: Some Empirical Evidence," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 366-396, March.
    2. Alonso-Borrego, Cesar & Arellano, Manuel, 1999. "Symmetrically Normalized Instrumental-Variable Estimation Using Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 17(1), pages 36-49, January.
    3. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
    4. Basil J. Moore, 1988. "The Endogenous Money Supply," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(3), pages 372-385, March.
    5. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
    6. Thomas I. Palley, 1992. "Money, Credit, and Prices in a Kaldorian Macro Model," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 14(2), pages 183-203, January.
    7. Nina Shapiro, 2005. "Competition and aggregate demand," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(3), pages 541-549.
    8. Yannis Panagopoulos & Aristotelis Spiliotis, 1998. "The Determinants of Commercial Banks’ Lending Behavior: Some Evidence for Greece," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(4), pages 649-672, July.
    9. Paul Davidson, 1978. "Why Money Matters: Lessons from a Half-Century of Monetary Theory," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 46-70, October.
    10. Basil J. Moore, 1983. "Unpacking the Post Keynesian Black Box: Bank Lending and the Money Supply," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(4), pages 537-556, July.
    11. Louis-Philippe Rochon, 2001. "Cambridge's Contribution to Endogenous Money: Robinson and Kahn on credit and money," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 287-307.
    12. Cifter, Atilla & Ozun, Alper, 2007. "Monetary Transmission Mechanism in the New Economy: Evidence from Turkey (1997-2006)," MPRA Paper 2486, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Vymyatnina, Yulia, 2006. "How much control does Bank of Russia have over money supply?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 131-144, June.
    14. Marc Lavoie, 2005. "Monetary base endogeneity and the new procedures of the asset-based Canadian and American monetary systems," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(4), pages 689-709.
    15. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    16. Cifter Atilla & Ozun Alper, 2007. "The Monetary Transmission Mechanism in the New Economy: Evidence from Turkey (1997-2006)," South East European Journal of Economics and Business, De Gruyter Open, vol. 2(1), pages 15-24, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Post-Keynesians; Endogeneity; Panel Data Analysis; System GMM.;

    JEL classification:

    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers

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