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A Theory of Bank Illiquidity and Default with Hidden Trades

  • Panetti, Ettore

I develop a theory of financial intermediation to explore how the availability of trading opportunities affects the link between the liquidity of financial institutions and their default decisions. In it, banks hedge against liquidity shocks either in the interbank market or by using a costly bankruptcy procedure, and depositors trade in the asset market without being observed. In this environment, the competitive pressure from the asset markets makes intermediaries choose an illiquid asset portfolio. I prove three results. First, illiquid banks default in equilibrium only when there is systemic risk and an unpredicted crisis hits the economy. Second, in contrast to the previous literature, the allocation at default is not socially optimal. Third, the constrained efficient allocation can be decentralized with the introduction of countercyclical liquidity requirements.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/43799/1/MPRA_paper_43799.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 43799.

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Date of creation: Nov 2011
Date of revision: May 2012
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43799
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  1. Mikhail Golosov, 2007. "Optimal Taxation With Endogenous Insurance Markets," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 122(2), pages 487-534, 05.
  2. Panetti, Ettore, 2011. "Financial liberalization and contagion with unobservable savings," MPRA Paper 29540, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Tsyvinski, Aleh & Golosov, Mikhail & Farhi, Emmanuel, 2009. "A Theory of Liquidity and Regulation of Financial Intermediation," Scholarly Articles 4481504, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  4. Douglas W. Diamond, . "Liquidity, Banks and Markets," CRSP working papers 326, Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago.
  5. Marie Hoerova & Cornelia Holthausen & Florian Heider, 2009. "Liquidity hoarding and interbank market spreads: the role of counterparty risk," 2009 Meeting Papers 929, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  6. von Thadden, Ernst-Ludwig, 1999. "Liquidity creation through banks and markets: Multiple insurance and limited market access," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(4-6), pages 991-1006, April.
  7. Xavier Freixas & José Jorge, 2007. "The role of interbank markets in monetary policy: A model with rationing," Economics Working Papers 1027, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Apr 2008.
  8. Hui Chen, 2010. "Macroeconomic Conditions and the Puzzles of Credit Spreads and Capital Structure," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 65(6), pages 2171-2212, December.
  9. Laurence Ales & Pricila Maziero, . "Non-exclusive Dynamic Contracts, Competition, and the Limits of Insurance," GSIA Working Papers 2010-E59, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  10. Panetti, Ettore, 2014. "Financial liberalization and contagion with unobservable savings," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 20-35.
  11. Antinolfi, Gaetano & Prasad, Suraj, 2008. "Commitment, banks and markets," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 265-277, March.
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