The benefits of preventing crop loss due to tropospheric ozone
Agricultural crop production is highly dependent upon environmental conditions among which air quality plays a central role. Various air pollutants have been identified as a potential influence on commercial crops including SO2, NOx, O3 and CO2. In particular, ozone in the lower atmosphere has been identified as a serious cause of crop loss in the United States and seems likely to be creating similar losses in Europe. In this paper the methods which can be applied to assess the economic damages from air pollution are critically reviewed. This requires measuring pollutant concentrations, relating these to physical crop damages, and estimating the reactions of the agricultural sector and consumers to give welfare changes in terms of consumers' surplus and producers' quasi-rents. The approach of the European open-top chamber programme (EOTCP) is shown to have neglected lessons learnt by the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) in the U.S. This is a paper from the Ecological Economics discussion paper series edited by Clive L. Spash and run from Stirling University from 1994 to 1996. This particular paper was later published as: Spash, C.L. 1997. Assessing the economic benefits to agriculture from air pollution control. Journal of Economic Surveys, vol. 11, no. 1, 47-70.
|Date of creation:||Mar 1994|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in Journal of Economic Surveys 11.1(1997): pp. 47-70|
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- Adams, Richard M. & McCarl, Bruce A., 1985. "Assessing the benefits of alternative ozone standards on agriculture: The role of response information," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 264-276, September.
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- Adams, Richard M. & McCarl, Bruce A. & Dudek, Daniel J. & Glyer, J. David, 1988. "Implications Of Global Climate Change For Western Agriculture," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 13(02), December.
- R. M. Adam & J. M. Callaway & B. A. McCarl, 1986. "Pollution, Agriculture and Social Welfare: The Case of Acid Deposition," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 34(1), pages 3-19, 03.
- Bruce L. Dixon & Philip Garcia & Mjelde James W., 1985. "Primal versus Dual Methods for Measuring the Impact of Ozone on Cash Grain Farmers," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 67(2), pages 402-406.
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