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Oil Price Shocks and the Macroeconomy of Nigeria: A Non-linear Approach

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  • Aliyu, Shehu Usman Rano

Abstract

Nowadays, the impact of oil price shocks is pervasive as it virtually affects all facets of human endeavor. As such, it is pertinent that we should know the relationship between oil price shocks and the macroeconomy. Therefore, this paper assesses empirically, the effects of oil price shocks on the real macroeconomic activity in Nigeria. Granger causality tests and multivariate VAR analysis were carried out using both linear and non-linear specifications. Inter alia, the latter category includes two approaches employed in the literature, namely, the asymmetric and net specifications oil price specifications. The paper finds evidence of both linear and non-linear impact of oil price shocks on real GDP. In particular, asymmetric oil price increases in the non-linear models are found to have positive impact on real GDP growth of a larger magnitude than asymmetric oil price decreases adversely affects real GDP. The non-linear estimation records significant improvement over the linear estimation and the one reported earlier by Aliyu (2009). Further, utilizing the Wald and the Granger multivariate and bivariate causality tests, results from the latter indicate that linear price change and all the other oil price transformations are significant for the system as a whole. The Wald test indicates that our oil price coefficients in linear and asymmetric specifications are statistically significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Aliyu, Shehu Usman Rano, 2009. "Oil Price Shocks and the Macroeconomy of Nigeria: A Non-linear Approach," MPRA Paper 18726, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Nov 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:18726
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Magnus Abeng, 2016. "Analysis of the Effect of Oil Price Shock on Industry Stock Returns in Nigeria," EcoMod2016 9285, EcoMod.
    2. Zahid Muhammad & Hassan Suleiman & Reza Kouhy, 2011. "Exploring oil price – exchange rate nexus for Nigeria," FIW Working Paper series 071, FIW.
    3. Omo Aregbeyen & Ismail Olaleke Fasanya, 2017. "Oil Price Volatility and Fiscal Behaviour if Government in Nigeria," Asian Journal of Economic Modelling, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(2), pages 118-134, June.
    4. Oriakhi D.E & Iyoha Daniel Osaze, 2013. "Oil Price Volatility and its Consequences on the Growth of the Nigerian Economy: An Examination (1970-2010)," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(5), pages 683-702, May.
    5. Troug, Haytem & Murray, Matt, 2015. "The Effects of Asymmetric Shocks in Oil Prices on the Performance of the Libyan Economy," MPRA Paper 68705, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. repec:eco:journ2:2017-03-01 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Chuku, Chuku & Effiong, Ekpeno & Sam, Ndifreke, 2010. "Oil price distortions and their short- and long-run impacts on the Nigerian economy," MPRA Paper 24434, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Riman, Hodo B. & Akpan, Emmanuel S. & Offiong, Amenawo I, 2013. "Asymetric Effect of Oil Price Shocks on Exchange Rate Volatility and Domestic Investment in Nigeria," MPRA Paper 53282, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 21 Aug 2013.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Oil Shocks; Macroeconomy; Granger Causality; Asymmetry; Vector Autoregressive;

    JEL classification:

    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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