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A Political-Economy Analysis of the Provision of Urban Anti-Crime Technologies in a Model With Three Cities

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  • Batabyal, Amitrajeet
  • Kourtit, Karima
  • Nijkamp, Peter

Abstract

We use a theoretical political-economy model with three cities and analyze three questions. First, should police in these cities have access to contentious crime fighting technologies such as facial recognition software? We describe a condition involving benefit, cost, and spatial spillover terms which tells us when the police ought to be provided with this technology. Second, if police are to be offered this technology then what are the properties of a policy regime that provides this technology in a decentralized way? We identify a condition that depends only on benefit and cost terms which tells us when this technology is to be made available in the cities in a decentralized way. Finally, what are the properties of a policy regime that provides the technology in a centralized way with equal cost sharing by the cities? We obtain two conditions involving benefit and spatial spillover terms that describe scenarios in which (i) the technology is provided with majority voting in a city even though it is inefficient to do so and (ii) it is efficient to provide the technology in a city but majority voting will lead to this technology not being provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Batabyal, Amitrajeet & Kourtit, Karima & Nijkamp, Peter, 2019. "A Political-Economy Analysis of the Provision of Urban Anti-Crime Technologies in a Model With Three Cities," MPRA Paper 101961, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Jun 2020.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:101961
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ben Lockwood, 2002. "Distributive Politics and the Costs of Centralization," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(2), pages 313-337.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Centralization; Decentralization; Political-Economy; Technology; Urban Crime;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R50 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - General

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