Stable Tariffs and Retaliations
A two-country, two-commodity model of trade is considered to reformulate the tariff retaliations. It is known that tariff retaliations lead to a Nash-equilibrium, a non-free-trade outcome. However, the negotiation process underlying the Nash equilibrium does not capture the notion of retaliation properly. We use the "contingent threat situation" to reformulate tariff retaliations. In this context, we show that the free trade is a stable outcome. More surprisingly, this interesting result is also valid for the "Johnson case," where one country is better off under the tariff-ridden Nash equilibrium compared to free trade. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2005..
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Volume (Year): 13 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 (05)
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