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Retornos a la educación superior en el mercado laboral: ¿Vale la pena el esfuerzo?

  • Gustavo Yamada

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico)

"La presente investigación encuentra evidencia mixta acerca de la rentabilidad de la educación superior en el mercado laboral peruano. Gracias a la convexificación de los retornos, la educación universitaria (tanto privada como pública) ofrece actualmente tasas de retorno privado y social en términos reales comparables con otras alternativas de inversión financiera y económica disponibles en el país. Por el contrario, la educación superior no universitaria otorga tasas de retorno privado y social poco atractivas, y hasta cercanas a cero, por lo que se requiere una profunda evaluación y reforma de este nivel educativo. El estudio encuentra también diferencias en los retornos a la educación de acuerdo al género, tipo de empleo y ubicación geográfica de los trabajadores. Por último, la investigación establece un ordenamiento de profesiones universitarias y técnicas, por niveles de remuneración y rentabilidad esperada, que lo encabezan los ingenieros civiles, en el primer caso, y técnicos de administración, en el segundo. En el extremo inferior del ranking se ubican los profesionales de educación básica y técnicos de enfermería. Este tipo de información debe ser producida con regularidad, sobre la base de encuestas nacionales de hogares, y difundirse ampliamente entre los potenciales estudiantes de carreras profesionales y técnicas y las autoridades educativas del país."

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File URL: http://www.up.edu.pe/ciup/SiteAssets/Lists/JER_Jerarquia/EditForm/20061215171207_DD-06-13.pdf
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Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico in its series Working Papers with number 06-13.

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Length: 66 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2006
Date of revision: Dec 2006
Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:06-13
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.up.edu.pe/

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  1. Gary S. Becker, 1975. "Age, Earnings, Wealth, and Human Capital," NBER Chapters, in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education, Second Edition, pages 214-230 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Omar Arias & Gustavo Yamada & Luis Tejerina, 2004. "Education, Family Backgrounds and Racial Earnings Inequality in Brazil," Working Papers 04-04, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised 2004.
  3. Gustavo Yamada, 2005. "Horas de Trabajo: Determinantes y dinámica en el Perú Urbano," Working Papers 05-05, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Jul 2005.
  4. Lawrence F. Katz & Kevin M. Murphy, 1991. "Changes in Relative Wages, 1963-1987: Supply and Demand Factors," NBER Working Papers 3927, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters, in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Gary S. Becker, 1975. "Investment in Human Capital: Rates of Return," NBER Chapters, in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education, Second Edition, pages 45-144 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Jacob Mincer, 1958. "Investment in Human Capital and Personal Income Distribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 281.
  8. Chiswick, Barry R., 1997. "Interpreting the coefficient of schooling in the human capital earnings function," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1790, The World Bank.
  9. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-42, June.
  10. José Rodríguez, 1993. "Retornos económicos de la educación en el Perú ," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 1993-112, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  11. Gustavo Yamada, 2004. "Avances recientes," Chapters of Books, in: Gustavo Yamada (ed.), Economía laboral en el Perú: avances recientes y agenda pendiente, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 11-42 Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico.
  12. Javier Escobal & Marco Castillo del Castillo, 1994. "Sesgos en la medición de la inflación en contextos inflacionarios: El caso peruano," Documentos de Investigación dt21, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  13. Jhon James Mora, 2003. "Sheepskin effects and screening in Colombia," COLOMBIAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, UN - RCE - CID.
    • Jhon James Mora, 2003. "Sheepskin effects and screening in Colombia," Colombian Economic Journal, Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Economicas, Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Senora del Rosario, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Universidad de Antioquia, Universidad de los Andes, Universidad del Valle, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, vol. 1(1), pages 95-108, December.
  14. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number minc74-1, June.
  15. Heckman, James J. & Lochner, Lance John & Todd, Petra E., 2003. "Fifty Years of Mincer Earnings Regressions," IZA Discussion Papers 775, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  16. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  17. Gary S. Becker, 1975. "Investment in Human Capital: Effects on Earnings," NBER Chapters, in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education, Second Edition, pages 13-44 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
  19. Gary S. Becker, 1975. "Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education, Second Edition," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck75-1, June.
  20. Lorraine Dearden & Barbara Sianesi, 2001. "Estimating the Returns to Education: Models, Methods and Results," CEE Discussion Papers 0016, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
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