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Retornos a la educación superior en el mercado laboral: ¿Vale la pena el esfuerzo?

Author

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  • Gustavo Yamada

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

Abstract

En las últimas décadas, el número de profesionales que ingresan cada año al mercado laboral peruano se ha multiplicado 65 veces. Hoy en día, estudian en el Perú medio millón de jóvenes en 85 universidades, mientras que otros cerca de cuatrocientos mil jóvenes se forman en más de un millar de institutos superiores no universitarios. Todos los años siguen egresando en nuestro país cerca de cien mil profesionales universitarios y técnicos con estudios superiores. Y muchos se preguntan si vale la pena todo este esfuerzo de inversión individual, familiar y como sociedad en su conjunto. La presente investigación encuentra evidencia mixta acerca de la rentabilidad de la inversión en educación superior en el mercado laboral peruano. Gracias a la convexificación de los retornos a la educación, la educación universitaria (tanto privada como pública) ofrece en la actualidad rentabilidades privadas y sociales comparables, en términos reales, con otras alternativas de inversión financiera y económica disponibles en el país. En cambio, la educación superior no universitaria tiene rentabilidades privadas y sociales muy por debajo de cualquier inversión alternativa disponible, e incluso cercanas a cero en términos reales.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavo Yamada, 2006. "Retornos a la educación superior en el mercado laboral: ¿Vale la pena el esfuerzo?," Working Papers 06-13, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
  • Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:06-13
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gustavo Yamada & Juan Castro, 2009. "Educational attainment, growth and poverty reduction within the MDG framework: simulations and costing for the Peruvian case," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 57-73.
    2. Verónica Frisancho Robles & R. Oropesa, 2011. "International Migration and the Education of Children: Evidence from Lima, Peru," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 30(4), pages 591-618, August.
    3. Carpio, Miguel Angel, 2011. "Do pension wealth, pension cost and the nature of pension system affect coverage? Evidence from a country where pay-as-you-go and funded systems coexist," MPRA Paper 34926, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. José Joaquín Brunner, 2013. "The Rationale for Higher Education Investment in Ibero-America," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 319, OECD Publishing.
    5. Gustavo Yamada & Juan Francisco Castro, 2007. "Poverty, inequality, and social policies in Peru: As poor as it gets," Working Papers 07-06, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    6. Jose S. Rodriguez & Lisset Montoro, 2013. "La educación superior en el Perú: situación actual y perspectivas," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2013-370, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.

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    Keywords

    Retornos a la educación superior; Perú;

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