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Who gains from capital market integration: Tax competition between unionized and non-unionized countries

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  • Hikaru Ogawa

    (School of Economics, Nagoya University)

  • Yasuhiro Sato

    (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)

  • Toshiki Tamai

    (Faculty of Economics, Kinki University)

Abstract

The welfare effects of capital market integration are examined under a model of tax competition with two asymmetric countries. The asymmetry is expressed through the labor market: one country has a perfect labor market whereas the other country is unionized. Our results show that the welfare effects of capital market integration are different depending on whether governments play an active role in attracting capital: in the absence of active governments, the capital market integration benefits the country with a competitive labor market and harms the unionized country. If the governments are active and compete for mobile capital using tax/subsidy, the market integration benefits both countries. The government fs incentive to participate in a tax/subsidy game is also examined in the integrated capital market. We find that the unionized country always prefers to participate in the tax/subsidy game, but the non-unionized country avoids the game if it is a capital importer.

Suggested Citation

  • Hikaru Ogawa & Yasuhiro Sato & Toshiki Tamai, 2010. "Who gains from capital market integration: Tax competition between unionized and non-unionized countries," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 10-18, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:osk:wpaper:1018
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    3. MORITA Tadashi & SAWADA Yukiko & YAMAMOTO Kazuhiro, 2016. "Subsidy Competition, Imperfect Labor Market, and Endogenous Entry of Firms," Discussion papers 16096, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    4. Keisuke Kawata, 2013. "Capital market integration and optimal employment protection policies," IDEC DP2 Series 3-9, Hiroshima University, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC).
    5. MORITA Tadashi & OGAWA Yoshitomo & ONO Yoshiyasu, 2017. "Corporate Tax Competition in the Presence of Unemployment," Discussion papers 17118, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    6. Satoshi Kasamatsu & Hikaru Ogawa, 2020. "International capital market and repeated tax competition," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 22(3), pages 751-768, June.
    7. OGAWA Hikaru & OSHIRO Jun & SATO Yasuhiro, 2012. "Capital Mobility—a resource curse or blessing? How, when, and for whom?," Discussion papers 12063, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    8. Tadashi Morita & Yasuhiro Sato & Kazuhiro Yamamoto, 2020. "Demographics and competition for capital in political economy," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 27(4), pages 865-889, August.
    9. Atsushi Yamagishi, 2019. "Transboundary pollution, tax competition and the efficiency of uncoordinated environmental regulation," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 52(3), pages 1165-1194, August.
    10. Mizuki Komura & Hikaru Ogawa, 2019. "Capital market integration and gender inequality," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(3), pages 1387-1413, August.
    11. Toshiki Tamai, 2022. "Unemployment, Fiscal Competition, and the Composition of Public Expenditure," KIER Working Papers 1072, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    12. Olena, Sokolovska, 2017. "Corporate tax incidence and its implications for the labor market," MPRA Paper 83401, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital Market Integration; Capital Mobility; Tax Competition; Trade Unions; Welfare.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • H73 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects

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