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Tax Competition for International Producers and the Mode of Foreign Market Entry

Author

Listed:
  • Ronald B Davies

    () (University of Oregon)

  • Hartmut Egger

    () (University of Zurich, CESifo Munich, and Centre for Globalization and Economic Policy, University of Nottingham.)

  • Peter Egger

    () (Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich, CESifo Munich, and Centre for Globalization and Economic Policy, University of Nottingham)

Abstract

This paper studies tax competition between two countries for an international producer. The international producer chooses where to locate its headquarters and whether to serve the overseas market through exports or foreign direct investment (FDI) and local supply. We show that, in the absence of tax competition, the international firm may choose FDI even though this has welfare costs from a global point of view. With tax competition, the parent country’s tax is pinned down, allowing the host country to use its tax rate to enforce exporting instead of FDI. This leads to a Nash equilibrium in the tax setting game which is associated with higher world welfare than the no-tax situation. Thus, because of the effect on entry mode, tax competition provides heretofore unexplored benefits.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronald B Davies & Hartmut Egger & Peter Egger, 2007. "Tax Competition for International Producers and the Mode of Foreign Market Entry," Working Papers 0711, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
  • Handle: RePEc:btx:wpaper:0711
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cooray, Arusha & Tamazian, Artur & Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya, 2014. "What drives FDI policy liberalization? An empirical investigation," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 179-189.
    2. Egger, Peter & Eggert, Wolfgang & Winner, Hannes, 2010. "Saving taxes through foreign plant ownership," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 99-108, May.
    3. Nils Herger & Christos Kotsogiannis & Steve McCorriston, 2011. "International Taxation and FDI Strategies: Evidence From US Cross-Border Acquisitions," Discussion Papers 1109, Exeter University, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tax competition; Multinational enterprises; Profit taxation;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies

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