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Crypto-currencies – An introduction to not-so-funny moneys

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This paper introduces the distributed ledger technology of crypto-currencies. We aim to increase public understanding of these technologies, highlight some of the risks involved in using cryptocurrencies, and discuss some of the potential implications of these technologies for consumers, financial systems, monetary policy and financial regulation. Crypto-currencies have no physical existence, but are best thought of as electronic accounting systems that keep track of people’s transactions and hence remaining purchasing power. Cryptocurrencies are typically decentralised, with no central authority responsible for maintaining the ledger and no central authority responsible for maintaining the code used to implement the ledger system, unlike the ledgers maintained by commercial banks for example. As crypto-currencies are denominated in their own unit of account, they are like foreign currencies relative to traditional fiat currencies, such as dollars and pounds.

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  • Aaron Kumar & Christie Smith, 2017. "Crypto-currencies – An introduction to not-so-funny moneys," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Analytical Notes series AN2017/07, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.
  • Handle: RePEc:nzb:nzbans:2017/07
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    2. Robert Kirkby, 2018. "Cryptocurrencies and Digital Fiat Currencies," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 51(4), pages 527-539, December.
    3. Li, Zijian & Meng, Qiaoyu, 2022. "Time and frequency connectedness and portfolio diversification between cryptocurrencies and renewable energy stock markets during COVID-19," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C).
    4. Fujiki, Hiroshi, 2020. "Who adopts crypto assets in Japan? Evidence from the 2019 financial literacy survey," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 58(C).
    5. Aslanidis, Nektarios & Bariviera, Aurelio F. & Martínez-Ibañez, Oscar, 2019. "An analysis of cryptocurrencies conditional cross correlations," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 130-137.
    6. Emmanouil M. L. Economou & Nikolaos A. Kyriazis, 2021. "Achieving Sustainable Financial Transactions under Regimes without a Central Bank—An Intertemporal Comparison," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(3), pages 1-13, January.
    7. Sarker, Indranil & Datta, Bidisha, 2022. "Re-designing the pension business processes for achieving technology-driven reforms through blockchain adoption: A proposed architecture," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 174(C).
    8. Emmanouil-Marios L. Economou & Nicholas C. Kyriazis & Nikolaos A. Kyriazis, 2021. "Money Decentralization under Direct Democracy Procedures. The Case of Classical Athens," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 14(1), pages 1-17, January.

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