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Activity, Travel, and the Allocation of Time

Author

Listed:
  • David Levinson

    () (Nexus (Networks, Economics, and Urban Systems) Research Group, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota)

  • Ajay Kumar

Abstract

This paper analyzes 1968 and 1987-88 metropolitan Washington, DC household travel surveys to understand the daily allocation of time among different activities of individuals classified by work status and gender. The increase in female labor force participation rates has produced an increase in overall time spent at work per person. The increase in work trips and the simultaneous increase in nonwork trips has resulted in less time spent at home. People are substituting money for time spent at home, buying household services outside the home. The group of individuals who work at home is analyzed separately to obtain an understanding of this growing segment.

Suggested Citation

  • David Levinson & Ajay Kumar, 1995. "Activity, Travel, and the Allocation of Time," Working Papers 199505, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:nex:wpaper:activitwy
    as

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11299/179851
    File Function: First version, 2007
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Herbert A. Simon, 1955. "A Behavioral Model of Rational Choice," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(1), pages 99-118.
    2. David Levinson & Ajay Kumar, 1994. "Operational Evidence of Changing Travel Patterns," Working Papers 199403, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    3. Moshe Ben-Akiva & Andre de Palma & Pavlos Kanaroglou, 1986. "Dynamic Model of Peak Period Traffic Congestion with Elastic Arrival Rates," Transportation Science, INFORMS, vol. 20(3), pages 164-181, August.
    4. Alfa, Attahiru Sule, 1986. "A review of models for the temporal distribution of peak traffic demand," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 491-499, December.
    5. Mokhtarian, Patricia L, 1991. "Defining Telecommuting," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt35c4q71r, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    6. Ajay Kumar & David Levinson, 1995. "Chained Trips in Montgomery County, Maryland," Working Papers 199504, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    7. Benjamin Chinitz, 1991. "A Framework for Speculating about Future Urban Growth Patterns in the US," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 28(6), pages 939-959, December.
    8. David Levinson & Ajay Kumar, 1994. "The Rational Locator: Why Travel Times Have Remained Stable," Working Papers 199402, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    9. David Levinson & Ajay Kumar, 1995. "Temporal Variations on Allocation of Time," Working Papers 199501, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Cynthia Chen & Hongmian Gong & Robert Paaswell, 2008. "Role of the built environment on mode choice decisions: additional evidence on the impact of density," Transportation, Springer, vol. 35(3), pages 285-299, May.
    2. Golob, Thomas F., 2002. "travelbehavior.com - Activity Approaches to Modeling the Effects of Information Technology on Personal Travel Behavior," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt9t40s1mc, University of California Transportation Center.
    3. Yves Crozet & Iragaël Joly, 2004. "Budgets temps de transport : les sociétés tertiaires confrontées à la gestion paradoxale du " bien le plus rare "," Post-Print halshs-00068933, HAL.
    4. David Levinson, 1999. "Space, money, life-stage, and the allocation of time," Transportation, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 141-171, May.
    5. Ho, Chinh Q. & Mulley, Corinne, 2013. "Multiple purposes at single destination: A key to a better understanding of the relationship between tour complexity and mode choice," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 206-219.
    6. Martin P. Brosnan & David Levinson, 2014. "Accessibility and the Allocation of Time: Changes in Travel Behavior 1990-2010," Working Papers 000120, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    7. Golob, Thomas F., 1999. "A Simultaneous Model of Household Activity Participation and Trip Chain Generation," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt0w16g0x2, University of California Transportation Center.
    8. Bumsoo Lee & Peter Gordon & James E. Moore & II & Harry W. Richardson, 2005. "Residential Location, Land Use and Transportation: The Neglected Role of Nonwork Travel," Working Paper 8581, USC Lusk Center for Real Estate.
    9. Stefan P.T. Groot & Henri L.F. de Groot & Paolo Veneri, 2012. "The Educational Bias in Commuting Patterns: Micro-Evidence for the Netherlands," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-080/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    10. Ram Pendyala & Chandra Bhat, 2004. "An Exploration of the Relationship between Timing and Duration of Maintenance Activities," Transportation, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 429-456, November.
    11. Mokhtarian, Patricia L. & Chen, Cynthia, 2004. "TTB or not TTB, that is the question: a review and analysis of the empirical literature on travel time (and money) budgets," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 38(9-10), pages 643-675.
    12. repec:kap:transp:v:44:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s11116-016-9694-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. James A. Cunningham & Paul O’Reilly & Brendan Dolan & Conor O’Kane & Vincent Mangematin, 2016. "Publicly funded principal investigators allocation of time for public sector entrepreneurship activities," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 43(4), pages 383-408, December.
    14. Currie, Graham & Delbosc, Alexa, 2011. "Exploring the trip chaining behaviour of public transport users in Melbourne," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 204-210, January.
    15. Vande Walle, Stefaan & Steenberghen, Therese, 2006. "Space and time related determinants of public transport use in trip chains," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 151-162, February.
    16. Matsuo, Miwa, 2016. "Gender differences in mobility of Hispanic immigrants," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 209-230.
    17. Mirkan Geyik & Patrick Bonnel, 2016. "Évolution de l’usage des modes de transport - Analyse des facteurs explicatifs : application à l’agglomération lyonnaise," Working Papers halshs-01685748, HAL.
    18. Adeel, Muhammad & Anthony G.O., Yeh & Zhang, Feng, 2013. "Gender, mobility and travel behavior in Pakistan: Analysis of 2007 Time Use Survey," MPRA Paper 55474, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 14 Apr 2014.
    19. Golob, Thomas F., 2000. "A simultaneous model of household activity participation and trip chain generation," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 355-376, June.
    20. Khandker Habib, 2011. "A random utility maximization (RUM) based dynamic activity scheduling model: Application in weekend activity scheduling," Transportation, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 123-151, January.
    21. Yang Xu & Shih-Lung Shaw & Ziliang Zhao & Ling Yin & Zhixiang Fang & Qingquan Li, 2015. "Understanding aggregate human mobility patterns using passive mobile phone location data: a home-based approach," Transportation, Springer, vol. 42(4), pages 625-646, July.
    22. Golob, Thomas F., 1999. "A Simultaneous Model of Household Activity Participation and Trip Chain Generation," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt6xc704kp, University of California Transportation Center.
    23. Stephan Brunow & Manuela Gründer, 2013. "The impact of activity chaining on the duration of daily activities," Transportation, Springer, vol. 40(5), pages 981-1001, September.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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