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Is Bank-Centered Corporate Governance Worth It? A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Performance of Japanese Firms during the Asset Price Deflation

  • Jun-Koo Kang
  • Rene M. Stulz

This paper examines the determinants of firm stock-price performance from 1990 to 1993" in Japan. During that period of time, the typical firm on the Tokyo Stock Exchange lost more" than half its value and banks experienced severe adverse shocks. We show that firms whose debt" had a higher fraction of bank loans in 1989 performed worse from 1990 to 1993. This effect is" statistically as well as economically significant and holds when we control for a variety of" variables that affect performance during this period of time. We find that firms that were more" bank-dependent also invested less during this period than other firms. This evidence points to an" adverse effect of bank-centered corporate governance, namely that firms suffer when their banks" are experiencing difficulties.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w6238.pdf
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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6238.

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Date of creation: Oct 1997
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Publication status: published as Kang, Jun-Koo and Rene M. Stulz. "Do Banking Shocks Affect Borrowing Firm Performance? An Analysis Of The Japanese Experience," Journal of Business, 2000, v73(1,Jan), 1-23.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:6238
Note: CF
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  1. Slovin, Myron B & Sushka, Marie E & Polonchek, John A, 1993. " The Value of Bank Durability: Borrowers as Bank Stakeholders," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(1), pages 247-66, March.
  2. Kaplan, Steven N. & Minton, Bernadette A., 1994. "Appointments of outsiders to Japanese boards: Determinants and implications for managers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 225-258, October.
  3. Brian J. Hall & David E. Weinstein, 1996. "The Myth of the Patient Japanese: Corporate Myopia and Financial Distress in Japan and the US," NBER Working Papers 5818, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. French, K.R. & Poterba, J.M., 1990. "Are Japanese Stock Prices Too High?," Working papers 547, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  5. Kang, Jun-Koo & Shivdasani, Anil, 1997. "Corporate restructuring during performance declines in Japan," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 29-65, October.
  6. Gibson, Michael S, 1995. "Can Bank Health Affect Investment? Evidence from Japan," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 68(3), pages 281-308, July.
  7. Takeo Hoshi & Anil Kashyap & David Scharfstein, 1989. "Corporate structure, liquidity, and investment: evidence from Japanese industrial groups," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 82, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  8. Rajan, Raghuram G, 1992. " Insiders and Outsiders: The Choice between Informed and Arm's-Length Debt," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(4), pages 1367-400, September.
  9. David E. Weinstein & Yishay Yafeh, 1998. "On the Costs of a Bank-Centered Financial System: Evidence from the Changing Main Bank Relations in Japan," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(2), pages 635-672, 04.
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