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Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies

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  • Mahvash S. Qureshi
  • Jonathan D. Ostry
  • Atish R. Ghosh
  • Marcos Chamon

Abstract

We examine whether macroprudential policies and capital controls can contribute to enhancing financial stability in the face of large capital inflows. We construct new indices of foreign currency (FX)-related prudential measures, domestic prudential measures, and financial-sector capital controls for 51 emerging market economies over the period 1995-2008. Our results indicate that both capital controls and FX-related prudential measures are associated with a lower proportion of FX lending in total domestic bank credit and a lower proportion of portfolio debt in total external liabilities. Other prudential policies appear to help restrain the intensity of aggregate credit booms. Experience from the global financial crisis suggests that prudential and capital control policies in place during the boom seem to have enhanced economic resilience during the bust.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahvash S. Qureshi & Jonathan D. Ostry & Atish R. Ghosh & Marcos Chamon, 2011. "Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies," NBER Working Papers 17363, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17363
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    Cited by:

    1. Charles Engel, 2012. "Capital controls: what have we learned?," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Challenges related to capital flows: Latin American perspectives, volume 68, pages 22-26 Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Marcel Fratzscher, 2014. "Capital Controls and Foreign Exchange Policy," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Miguel Fuentes D. & Claudio E. Raddatz & Carmen M. Reinhart (ed.), Capital Mobility and Monetary Policy, edition 1, volume 18, chapter 7, pages 205-253 Central Bank of Chile.
    3. Kristin J. Forbes & Francis E. Warnock, 2012. "Capital Debt -and Equity-Led Capital Flow Episodes," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 676, Central Bank of Chile.
    4. Kristina Spantig, 2012. "International monetary policy spillovers in an asymmetric world monetary system - The United States and China," Global Financial Markets Working Paper Series 2012-33, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    5. Forbes, Kristin J. & Warnock, Francis E., 2012. "Capital flow waves: Surges, stops, flight, and retrenchment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 235-251.
    6. Rodriguez, Marius del Giudice & Wu, Thomas, 2013. "The Effect of Capital Controls and Prudential FX Measures on Options-Implied Exchange Rate Stability," Working Paper Series 2013-20, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    7. Ravi Balakrishnan & Sylwia Nowak & Sanjaya Panth & Yiqun Wu, 2013. "Surging Capital Flows To Emerging Asia: Facts, Impacts And Responses," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 4(02), pages 1-24.
    8. repec:rss:jnljfe:v2i1p3 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Ding, Ding & Jinjarak, Yothin, 2012. "Development threshold, capital flows, and financial turbulence," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 365-385.
    10. Gurnain Pasricha & Matteo Falagiarda & Martin Bijsterbosch & Joshua Aizenman, 2015. "Domestic and Multilateral Effects of Capital Controls in Emerging Markets," NBER Working Papers 20822, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Balakina, Olga & D’Andrea, Angelo & Masciandaro, Donato, 2017. "Bank secrecy in offshore centres and capital flows: Does blacklisting matter?," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 30-57.
    12. Cesar R. Van Der Laan & Marcos Tadeu C. Lélis & André Moreira Cunha, 2016. "External Capital Flows’ Management In The Great Recession: The Brazilian Experience (2007-2013)," Anais do XLII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 42nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 035, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    13. Gustavo Adler & Ruy Lama & Juan Pablo Medina Guzman, 2016. "Foreign Exchange Intervention under Policy Uncertainty," IMF Working Papers 16/67, International Monetary Fund.
    14. Bank for International Settlements, 2012. "Challenges related to capital flows: Latin American perspectives," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 68.
    15. Ahmed, Shaghil & Zlate, Andrei, 2014. "Capital flows to emerging market economies: A brave new world?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(PB), pages 221-248.
    16. Benjamin Carton, 2011. "The Impossible Trinity Revised: An Application to China," Working Papers 2011-27, CEPII research center.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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