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Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies

  • Mahvash S. Qureshi
  • Jonathan D. Ostry
  • Atish R. Ghosh
  • Marcos Chamon

We examine whether macroprudential policies and capital controls can contribute to enhancing financial stability in the face of large capital inflows. We construct new indices of foreign currency (FX)-related prudential measures, domestic prudential measures, and financial-sector capital controls for 51 emerging market economies over the period 1995-2008. Our results indicate that both capital controls and FX-related prudential measures are associated with a lower proportion of FX lending in total domestic bank credit and a lower proportion of portfolio debt in total external liabilities. Other prudential policies appear to help restrain the intensity of aggregate credit booms. Experience from the global financial crisis suggests that prudential and capital control policies in place during the boom seem to have enhanced economic resilience during the bust.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17363.

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Date of creation: Aug 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies , Mahvash S. Qureshi, Jonathan D. Ostry, Atish R. Ghosh, Marcos Chamon. in Global Financial Crisis , Engel, Forbes, and Frankel. 2012
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17363
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  1. Jonathan David Ostry & Atish R. Ghosh & Karl Friedrich Habermeier & Luc Laeven & Marcos Chamon & Mahvash Saeed Qureshi & Annamaria Kokenyne, 2011. "Managing Capital Inflows: What Tools to Use?," IMF Staff Discussion Notes 11/06, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Cardenas, Mauricio & Barrera, Felipe, 1997. "On the effectiveness of capital controls: The experience of Colombia during the 1990s," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 27-57, October.
  3. Hutchison, Michael & Kendall, Jake & Pasricha, Gurnain & Singh, Nirvikar, 2010. "Indian Capital Control Liberalization: Evidence from NDF Markets," MPRA Paper 21771, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. DellAriccia, Giovanni & Marquez, Robert, 2005. "Lending Booms and Lending Standards," CEPR Discussion Papers 5095, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Nicolas E. Magud & Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2007. "Capital controls: myth and reality, a portfolio balance approach to capital controls," Working Paper Series 2007-31, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  6. Assaf Razin & Efraim Sadka & Chi-Wa Yuen, 2000. "Do Debt Flows Crowd Out Equity Flows or the Other Way Round?," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 1(1), pages 33-47, May.
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  8. De Gregorio, Jose & Edwards, Sebastian & Valdes, Rodrigo O., 2000. "Controls on capital inflows: do they work?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 59-83, October.
  9. Gupta, Poonam & Mishra, Deepak & Sahay, Ratna, 2007. "Behavior of output during currency crises," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 428-450, July.
  10. Marco Terrones & Enrique G. Mendoza, 2008. "An Anatomy of Credit Booms: Evidence From Macro Aggregates and Micro Data," IMF Working Papers 08/226, International Monetary Fund.
  11. Simeon Djankov & Oliver Hart & Caralee McLiesh & Andrei Shleifer, 2008. "Debt Enforcement around the World," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(6), pages 1105-1149, December.
  12. Harrison, Ann E. & Love, Inessa & McMillan, Margaret S., 2004. "Global capital flows and financing constraints," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 269-301, October.
  13. Jonathan David Ostry & Atish R. Ghosh & Karl Friedrich Habermeier & Marcos Chamon & Mahvash Saeed Qureshi & Dennis B. S. Reinhardt, 2010. "Capital Inflows: The Role of Controls," IMF Staff Position Notes 2010/04, International Monetary Fund.
  14. Guonan Ma & RobertN McCauley, 2008. "Efficacy Of China'S Capital Controls: Evidence From Price And Flow Data," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 104-123, 02.
  15. Atish R. Ghosh & Jonathan David Ostry & Charalambos G. Tsangarides, 2011. "Exchange Rate Regimes and the Stability of the International Monetary System," IMF Occasional Papers 270, International Monetary Fund.
  16. International Monetary Fund, 2010. "The Credit Boom in the EU New Member States: Bad Luck or Bad Policies?," IMF Working Papers 10/130, International Monetary Fund.
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