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Cigarette Excise Taxation: The Impact of Tax Structure on Prices, Revenues, and Cigarette Smoking

Author

Listed:
  • Frank J. Chaloupka, IV
  • Richard Peck
  • John A. Tauras
  • Xin Xu
  • Ayda Yurekli

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence on the effects of the cigarette excise tax structure on three outcomes: cigarette prices, government revenues, and cigarette consumption. We composed cross-sectional time-series data for 21 EU countries from year 1998 to 2007 from various data resources. We provide strong evidence that the price gap between premium and low-priced brands is larger in countries with a greater share of ad valorem tax. A 10-percent raise in the share of ad valorem tax in total excise tax leads to about a 4 to 5 percent increase in the price gap, with a smaller impact in more concentrated markets. Our estimates confirm that greater instability of government tax revenues from cigarette excise taxes can be attributed to greater reliance on the ad valorem tax and such instability increases with the growth of manufacturers' market power. We also find that greater reliance on a specific tax has greater impact on cigarette smoking, but the impact diminishes with the growth of manufacturers' market power.

Suggested Citation

  • Frank J. Chaloupka, IV & Richard Peck & John A. Tauras & Xin Xu & Ayda Yurekli, 2010. "Cigarette Excise Taxation: The Impact of Tax Structure on Prices, Revenues, and Cigarette Smoking," NBER Working Papers 16287, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16287 Note: HE
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Demange, Gabrielle & Gale, David, 1985. "The Strategy Structure of Two-sided Matching Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(4), pages 873-888, July.
    2. Kaneko, Mamoru, 1982. "The central assignment game and the assignment markets," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2-3), pages 205-232, September.
    3. Demange, Gabrielle & Gale, David & Sotomayor, Marilda, 1986. "Multi-Item Auctions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 863-872, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Odermatt, Reto & Stutzer, Alois, 2015. "Smoking bans, cigarette prices and life satisfaction," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 176-194.
    2. Pierre Pestieau & Gregory Ponthiere, 2012. "Myopia, regrets, and risky behaviors," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 19(2), pages 288-317, April.
    3. Luca Colombo & Umberto Galmarini, 2015. "Optimality and distortionary lobbying: regulating tobacco consumption," Working Papers 2015/2, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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