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Alcohol Taxation and Regulation in the European Union

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  • Sijbren Cnossen

Abstract

This paper estimates the external costs of harmful alcohol use in the European Union (EU) and confronts them with the alcohol excise duty collections per adult and per litre of pure alcohol in the various Member States. In all but one Member State, drinkers do not appear to pay their way. This reflects the EU’s acquiescence in a formidable alcohol problem. Fifteen per cent of adults ‘drink too much’, while the extent of youth drinking has reached alarming proportions. The external costs should be internalised in price through an appropriate optimal alcohol excise duty, supplemented by regulatory measures aimed at specific problem groups. Further, a coordinated alcohol tax policy seems called for, which would, among others, raise the minimum duties on wine, beer and spirits, preferably in line with their relative alcohol content. A drawback of these measures is that they would reduce the welfare of moderate drinkers.

Suggested Citation

  • Sijbren Cnossen, 2006. "Alcohol Taxation and Regulation in the European Union," CESifo Working Paper Series 1821, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1821
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/cesifo1_wp1821.pdf
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    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/3028 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Julie Salaber, 2007. "The Determinants of Sin Stock Returns: Evidence on the European Market," Working Papers halshs-00170219, HAL.

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    Keywords

    alcohol taxation; European Union; external costs; social costs;

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