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Changes in U.S. Hospitalization and Mortality Rates Following Smoking Bans

  • Kanaka D. Shetty
  • Thomas DeLeire
  • Chapin White
  • Jayanta Bhattacharya

U.S. state and local governments are increasingly restricting smoking in public places. This paper analyzes nationally representative databases, including the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, to compare short-term changes in mortality and hospitalization rates in smoking-restricted regions with control regions. In contrast with smaller regional studies, we find that workplace bans are not associated with statistically significant short-term declines in mortality or hospital admissions for myocardial infarction or other diseases. An analysis simulating smaller studies using subsamples reveals that large short-term increases in myocardial infarction incidence following a workplace ban are as common as the large decreases reported in the published literature.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 14790.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as Kanaka D. Shetty & Thomas DeLeire & Chapin White & Jayanta Bhattacharya, 2011. "Changes in U.S. hospitalization and mortality rates following smoking bans," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(1), pages 6-28, December.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14790
Note: HC HE
Contact details of provider: Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
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