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Firewood Collections and Economic Growth in Rural Nepal 1995-2010: Evidence from a Household Panel

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Marie Baland

    () (CRED, University of Namur, BREAD and CEPR)

  • François Libois

    () (CRED, University of Namur)

  • Dilip Mookherjee

    () (Boston University and BREAD)

Abstract

A household panel data set is used to investigate the effects of economic growth on firewood collection in Nepal between 1995 and 2010. Results from preceding crosssectional analyses are found to be robust: (a) rising consumptions for all but the top decile were associated with increased firewood collections, contrary to the PovertyEnvironment hypothesis; (b) sources of growth matter: increased livestock was associated with increased collections, and falling household size, increased education, non-farm business assets and road connectivity with reduced collections. Nepal households collected 25% less firewood over this period, mostly explained by falling livestock, and rising education, connectivity and out-migration

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Marie Baland & François Libois & Dilip Mookherjee, 2015. "Firewood Collections and Economic Growth in Rural Nepal 1995-2010: Evidence from a Household Panel," BeFinD Working Papers 0105, University of Namur, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:nam:befdwp:0105
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    File URL: http://www.befind.be/publications/WPs/WP5
    File Function: First version, 2015
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Adhikari, Bhim & Di Falco, Salvatore & Lovett, Jon C., 2004. "Household characteristics and forest dependency: evidence from common property forest management in Nepal," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 245-257, February.
    2. Magnus Hatlebakk, 2009. "Explaining Maoist control and level of civil conflict in Nepal," CMI Working Papers 10, CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute), Bergen, Norway.
    3. Amacher, Gregory S. & Hyde, William F. & Kanel, Keshav R., 1996. "Household fuelwood demand and supply in Nepal's tarai and mid-hills: Choice between cash outlays and labor opportunity," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(11), pages 1725-1736, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Isabelle Chort & Maëlys Rupelle, 2016. "Determinants of Mexico-U.S. Outward and Return Migration Flows: A State-Level Panel Data Analysis," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 53(5), pages 1453-1476, October.
    2. Muller, Christophe & Yan, Huijie, 2018. "Household fuel use in developing countries: Review of theory and evidence," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 429-439.
    3. repec:eee:ecolec:v:147:y:2018:i:c:p:62-73 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:deveco:v:138:y:2019:i:c:p:180-191 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Ashma Vaidya & Audrey L. Mayer, 2016. "Critical Review of the Millennium Project in Nepal," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(10), pages 1-23, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    deforestation; growth; Environmental Kuznets Curve; Nepal;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation

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