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Explaining Maoist control and level of civil conflict in Nepal

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  • Magnus Hatlebakk

Abstract

Does poverty or inequality explain the Maoist insurgency in Nepal? In contrast to previous studies we limit the analysis to the hill/mountain districts of Nepal as very few terai (plains) districts are classified as Maoist. And we conduct separate analyses for Maoist control and level of conflict. We find that income poverty and land-inequality are main determinants of Maoist influence, while the less visible income inequality is not so important. We also demonstrate that previous findings by Murshed and Gates (2005), where landlessness appears to be important, are due to two outliers that are the core Maoist districts. Without the outliers landlessness is negatively, and not positively, correlated with Maoist influence.

Suggested Citation

  • Magnus Hatlebakk, 2009. "Explaining Maoist control and level of civil conflict in Nepal," CMI Working Papers 10, CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute), Bergen, Norway.
  • Handle: RePEc:chm:wpaper:wp2009-10
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    File URL: https://www.cmi.no/publications/file/3498-explaining-maoist-control-and-level-of-civil.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Marie Baland & Fran├žois Libois & Dilip Mookherjee, 2012. "Firewood collections and economic growth in rural Nepal 1995-2010: Evidence from a household panel," Working Papers 1215, University of Namur, Department of Economics.
    2. repec:nam:befdwp:5 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Julia Strasheim, 2018. "The Politics of Institutional Reform and Post-Conflict Violence in Nepal," Working Papers id:12397, eSocialSciences.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Civil war Data issues Nepal;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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