Job Creation, Job Destruction and Labour Demand in Slovenia
This paper uses a unique firm level data base of traditional and newly established private enterprises to investigate gross job flows and labour demand in the transition period in Slovenia. We find that job destruction dominates job creation in the early years of transition, but later in the transition job destruction diminishes. The excess job reallocation rate, a measure for restructuring, is found to be rather low. We find that newly established private firms or de novo firms are fundamentally the most dynamic ones in terms of job creation. We estimate a reduced labour demand equation controlling for ownership and competitive pressure and find that the estimated employment elasticity with respect to sales is rather low, 12%. We do not find any difference in this elasticity if we split the sample in expanding versus contracting firms. Furthermore we cannot find evidence that competitive pressure has any impact on the demand for labour. We do find that de novo firms have a higher employment growth than traditional firms.
|Date of creation:||01 Aug 1998|
|Date of revision:|
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- Bilsen, Valentijn & Konings, Jozef, 1998.
"Job Creation, Job Destruction, and Growth of Newly Established, Privatized, and State-Owned Enterprises in Transition Economies: Survey Evidence from Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania,"
Journal of Comparative Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 429-445, September.
- Valentijn Bilsen & Jozef Konings, 1997. "Job Creation, Job Destruction and Growth of Newly Established, Privatized and State-Owned Enterprises in Transition Economies: Survey Evidence from Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 106, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
- Boeri, Tito & Cramer, Ulrich, 1992. "Employment growth, incumbents and entrants : Evidence from Germany," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 545-565, December.
- Steve J. Davis & John Haltiwanger, 1991.
"Gross Job Creation, Gross Job Destruction and Employment Reallocation,"
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3728, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Steven J. Davis & John Haltiwanger, 1992. "Gross Job Creation, Gross Job Destruction, and Employment Reallocation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(3), pages 819-863.
- Steve J. Davis & John Haltiwanger, 1991. "Gross job creation, gross job destruction and employment reallocation," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 91-5, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
- Konings, Jozef, 1997. "Firm growth and ownership in transition countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 413-418, September.
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