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Job Creation, Job Destruction and Labour Demand in Slovenia

Author

Listed:
  • Štefan Bojnee

    (LICOS, Centre for Transition Economics, KULeuven)

  • Jozef Konings

    (LICOS, Centre for Transition Economics and Economics Department, KULeuven and CEPR)

Abstract

This paper uses firm level data of traditional and newly established private enterprises to investigate gross job flows and labour demand in the transition period in Slovenia. We find that job destruction dominates job creation in the early years of transition, but later in the transition job destruction diminishes. The excess job reallocation rate, a measure for restructuring, is found to be rather low. In addition, we compare the results with similar studies for Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary and find that the gross job flows in Slovenia are similar to those of Hungary, yet the job destruction rate is in general lower.We find that newly established private firms or de novo firms are fundamentally the most dynamic ones in terms of job creation. We estimate a reduced labour demand equation controlling for ownership and competitive pressure and find that the estimated employment elasticity with respect to real sales is rather low, 12%. We do not find any difference in this elasticity if we split the sample in expanding versus contracting firms. Furthermore we cannot find evidence that competitive pressure has any impact on the demand for labour. We do find that de novo firms have a higher employment growth than traditional firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Štefan Bojnee & Jozef Konings, 1999. "Job Creation, Job Destruction and Labour Demand in Slovenia," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 41(2-3), pages 135-149, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:compes:v:41:y:1999:i:2:p:135-149
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. M Schaffer, 1996. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in a Transition Economy: Ownership," CEP Discussion Papers dp0282, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    2. Konings, Jozef, 1995. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the UK Manufacturing Sector," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 57(1), pages 5-24, February.
    3. J. Konings & H. Lehmann & M.E. Schaffer, 1996. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in a Transition Economy: Ownership, Firm Size," CERT Discussion Papers 9611, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
    4. Bilsen, Valentijn & Konings, Jozef, 1998. "Job Creation, Job Destruction, and Growth of Newly Established, Privatized, and State-Owned Enterprises in Transition Economies: Survey Evidence from Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 429-445, September.
    5. Boeri, Tito & Cramer, Ulrich, 1992. "Employment growth, incumbents and entrants : Evidence from Germany," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 545-565, December.
    6. Konings, Jozef, 1997. "Firm growth and ownership in transition countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 413-418, September.
    7. Steven J. Davis & John Haltiwanger, 1992. "Gross Job Creation, Gross Job Destruction, and Employment Reallocation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, President and Fellows of Harvard College, vol. 107(3), pages 819-863.
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    Cited by:

    1. Milan Vodopivec & Peter F. Orazem, 2000. "Male-female differences in labor market outcomes during the early transition to market: The cases of Estonia and Slovenia," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 13(2), pages 283-303.
    2. Faggio, Giulia, 2007. "Job destruction, job creation and unemployment in transition countries: what can we learn?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19716, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Walsh, Patrick Paul & Whelan, Ciara, 2001. "Firm performance and the political economy of corporate governance: survey evidence for Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 85-112, June.
    4. Jan Svejnar & Joanna Tyrowicz & Lucas van der Velde, 2015. "Productivity and Inequality Effects of Rapid Labor Reallocation – Insights from a Meta-Analysis of Studies on Transition," Working Papers 2015-11, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    5. Joanna Tyrowicz & Lucas Velde & Jan Svejnar, 2017. "Effects Of Labor Reallocation On Productivity And Inequality—Insights From Studies On Transition," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(3), pages 712-732, July.
    6. Tyrowicz, Joanna & van der Velde, Lucas, 2018. "Labor reallocation and demographics," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 381-412.
    7. Haltiwanger, John C. & Vodopivec, Milan, 2002. "Gross worker and job flows in a transition economy: an analysis of Estonia," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(5), pages 601-630, November.
    8. Stepan Jurajda & Katherine Terrell, 2000. "Optimal Speed of Transition: Micro Evidence from the Czech Republic," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 355, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    9. Michael Faulend & Vedran Šošić, 2000. "Is Unofficial Economy a Source of Corruption?," Working Papers 2, The Croatian National Bank, Croatia.
    10. Stepan Jurajda & Katherine Terrell, 2001. "What Drives the Speed of Job Reallocation during Episodes of Massive Adjustment?," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp170, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    11. Joanna Tyrowicz & Lucas van der Velde, 2014. "Can We Really Explain Worker Flows in Transition Economies?," Working Papers 2014-28, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    12. Jacek Socha, 2006. "Tworzenie i likwidacja miejsc pracy w sektorze przedsiębiorstw w Polsce," Gospodarka Narodowa. The Polish Journal of Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 5-6, pages 1-20.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs

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